How do you cite an electronic source in APA with no author?

If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.

How do you cite electronic sources in APA format?

Include information in the following order:

  1. author name and initial, or group name, followed by social media identity information (provide the author’s screen name in square brackets. If only the screen name is known, provide it without brackets.
  2. date.
  3. title.
  4. format.
  5. source url.
  6. retrieval date.

How do you cite in APA with no author or title?

Use title in place of author. Use “n.d.” (“no date”) in place of date….No author or date.

Format Page title. (n.d.). Website Name. URL
Reference list APA citation guidelines (n.d.). Scribbr.
In-text citation (APA Citation Guidelines, n.d.)

How do I cite an electronic reference?


  1. author (the person or organisation responsible for the site)
  2. year (date created or last updated)
  3. name of sponsor of site (if available)
  4. accessed day month year (the date you viewed the site)
  5. URL or Internet address (between pointed brackets). If possible, ensure that the URL is included without a line-break.

How do you in text cite no author in APA 7th edition?

If there is truly no author for a reference, you use the title, or first few words of the title. Note that you should capitalize the words in the title for the in-text citation. Place in quotation marks if the title is an article or chapter.

How do I cite an online PDF in APA?

To cite an online book like this, list the usual information for a book, followed by a URL or DOI at the end….Citing a book in PDF form.

Format Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title. Publisher. DOI or URL
In-text citation (Sedgwick, 2003)

How do I cite a PDF with no author?

If a source has no author, start the MLA Works Cited entry with the source title. Use a shortened version of the title in your in-text citation.