How do you convert toluene to benzyl alcohol?
The conversion of toluene to benzyl alcohol is a two-step procedure.
- Toluene is converted to benzyl chloride in the presence of chlorine gas and ultraviolet light or heat.
- Benzyl chloride then reacts with aqueous potassium hydroxide to give benzyl alcohol.
What is the density of benzyl alcohol?
1.04 g/cm³Benzyl alcohol / Density
How do you synthesis benzyl alcohol?
The use of bis(methanesulfonyl) peroxide as an oxidant enables a selective synthesis of benzylic alcohols without further oxidation of alcohols to ketones. A proton-coupled electron transfer mechanism (PCET) may account for the difference in reactivity.
How will you prepare benzoic acid from toluene?
Toluene is oxidized with alkaline KMnO4 followed by acidification to form benzoic acid. Other oxidising agents that can be used are acidic KMnO4, acidic K2Cr2O7 and dil HNO3 etc.
How is benzyl chloride prepared from toluene?
Benzyl chloride is prepared industrially by the gas phase photochemical reaction of toluene and chlorine. This reaction yields by a free radical mechanism connecting the free chlorine intermediate. The side product is hydrochloric acid.
Which reagent will use for converting toluene into benzyl chloride?
React toluene with chlorine ( Cl ) in the presence of sunlight at 383 K , benzyl chloride is formed . Benzyl chloride is also known as Phenylchloromethane . Benzyl chloride is a colorless reactive liquid . The molar mass of benzyl chloride is 126.58 g / mol .
What is the density of benzyl alcohol in g mL?
density. 1.045 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
How will you synthesize benzyl alcohol from benzene?
Answer. First, we will have to do Friedal crafts Alkylation to form Toluene. Then, toluene is oxidized with KMnO₄ and then reduced with LiAlH₄ to get Benzyl alcohol.
How is benzaldehyde prepared from toluene?
Industrially, benzaldehyde is made by a process in which toluene is treated with chlorine to form benzal chloride, followed by treatment of benzal chloride with water. Benzaldehyde is readily oxidized to benzoic acid and is converted to addition products by hydrocyanic acid or sodium bisulfite.
How is benzene obtained from toluene?
For converting the toluene to benzene in 2 steps, first, convert toluene to benzoic acid and then convert this benzoic acid to benzene. When toluene is oxidized with hot potassium manganate solution and potassium hydroxide at 373 – 383 K, there is the formation of benzoic acid.
How do you convert toluene to benzyl chloride?
React toluene with chlorine ( Cl ) in the presence of sunlight at 383 K , benzyl chloride is formed . Benzyl chloride is also known as Phenylchloromethane . Benzyl chloride is a colorless reactive liquid .