How do you get tested for the BRCA gene in Canada?

For individuals interested in genetic testing, criteria must be met in order to qualify for testing, including age at cancer diagnosis, ethnicity, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer. Typically, a patient is provided in-person genetic counseling at a local cancer genetics clinic prior to BRCA testing.

Who is eligible for BRCA testing Ontario?

Screening for breast cancer in female BRCA carriers in Ontario is completed through the High Risk Ontario Breast Screening Program (OBSP). Screening includes yearly mammogram and breast MRI starting at age 30 until age 69. After age 69 women receive annual mammogram only.

Who is eligible for breast cancer genetic testing?

Among other criteria, current guidelines recommend genetic testing for someone diagnosed with breast cancer if: there is a known mutation in the family. the person was diagnosed at age 50 or younger. the person has been diagnosed with two primary breast cancers.

Who qualifies for genetic testing with breast cancer in Ontario?

In Ontario, all women between the ages of 50 and 74 are eligible for breast cancer screening (mammogram) every one to two years through the Ontario Breast Screening Program (OBSP) if they have never had a prior breast cancer diagnosis. This is known as Average Risk OBSP.

Does OHIP pay genetic testing?

Genetic counselling appointments are covered by OHIP for individuals who fulfill referral criteria (Ontario Health Insurance Plan). Genetic testing is also covered by OHIP, but is only available under very specific defined conditions. Your genetic counsellor will tell you if you are eligible for a genetic test.

Is BRCA testing covered by OHIP?

Breast cancer testing for women at high risk is covered by OHIP . Talk with your doctor if you think you have family or medical history related to breast cancer or other criteria that may place you at high risk.

How expensive is BRCA testing?

The cost of testing ranges from under $100 to over $2000. If a doctor or genetic counselor orders genetic testing for you, your insurance usually covers the cost. Depending on your specific situation and health care plan, you may or may not be responsible for some out-of-pocket costs, such as copays and deductibles.

What type of breast cancer is hereditary?

Most inherited cases of breast cancer are associated with mutations in two genes: BRCA1 (BReast CAncer gene one) and BRCA2 (BReast CAncer gene two). Everyone has BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. The function of the BRCA genes is to repair cell damage and keep breast, ovarian, and other cells growing normally.

When should you start screening for breast cancer with family history?

“For women with a family history of breast cancer but with no known gene mutation, screening can begin five years before the earliest age at diagnosis in the family. For example, if your mother was diagnosed when she was 35, you should begin screening when you are 30.