How do you solve heteroskedasticity?
Use weighted regression Another way to fix heteroscedasticity is to use weighted regression. This type of regression assigns a weight to each data point based on the variance of its fitted value. Essentially, this gives small weights to data points that have higher variances, which shrinks their squared residuals.
What is heteroscedasticity problem?
Heteroskedasticity refers to situations where the variance of the residuals is unequal over a range of measured values. When running a regression analysis, heteroskedasticity results in an unequal scatter of the residuals (also known as the error term).
How do you treat heteroscedasticity in regression?
The idea is to give small weights to observations associated with higher variances to shrink their squared residuals. Weighted regression minimizes the sum of the weighted squared residuals. When you use the correct weights, heteroscedasticity is replaced by homoscedasticity.
What causes heteroscedasticity?
Heteroscedasticity is mainly due to the presence of outlier in the data. Outlier in Heteroscedasticity means that the observations that are either small or large with respect to the other observations are present in the sample. Heteroscedasticity is also caused due to omission of variables from the model.
Why do we test for heteroskedasticity?
It is customary to check for heteroscedasticity of residuals once you build the linear regression model. The reason is, we want to check if the model thus built is unable to explain some pattern in the response variable Y , that eventually shows up in the residuals.
How does heteroskedasticity affect hypothesis testing?
Heteroskedasticity has serious consequences for the OLS estimator. Although the OLS estimator remains unbiased, the estimated SE is wrong. Because of this, confidence intervals and hypotheses tests cannot be relied on. In addition, the OLS estimator is no longer BLUE.
How do you check heteroscedasticity of data?
To check for heteroscedasticity, you need to assess the residuals by fitted value plots specifically. Typically, the telltale pattern for heteroscedasticity is that as the fitted values increases, the variance of the residuals also increases.