How do you treat post MI?
Clopidogrel and ticagrelor are recommended for conservative medical management of MI in combination with aspirin (162 to 325 mg per day) for up to 12 months. Early administration of beta blockers is recommended during hospitalization after an MI.
What drugs are given post MI?
Currently used post-MI drugs with immunomodulatory effects include platelet inhibitors (A), statins (B), beta-blockers (C), and drugs targeting the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system (D), including angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin receptor–neprilysin …
What is the treatment after a heart attack?
Hospitals commonly use techniques to restore blood flow to part of the heart muscle damaged during a heart attack: You might receive clot-dissolving drugs (thrombolysis), balloon angioplasty (PCI), surgery or a combination of treatments.
How can you treat a patient with previous myocardial infarction?
How Can I Treat A Patient With Previous Myocardial Infarction (MI)?
- NSAIDs and ASA with Digoxin, Captopril, Propranolol: limit prescribing to 4 days or less.
- Antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin, tetracycline) with Digoxin, Propranolol.
- Barbiturates, benzodiazepines with Digoxin, Verapamil, Lovastatin.
What happens after a myocardial infarction?
After myocardial infarction (MI), the heart undergoes extensive myocardial remodeling through the accumulation of fibrous tissue in both the infarcted and noninfarcted myocardium, which distorts tissue structure, increases tissue stiffness, and accounts for ventricular dysfunction.
Which drugs should post MI patients routinely receive?
Patients should be placed on the following medications: antiplatelet agents, (meta-analysis for aspirin, multiple randomized controlled trials [RCTs] for aspirin plus clopidogrel); a statin; atorvastatin has the best evidence (a single RCT); a beta-blocker (meta-analysis); renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers.
Why do beta blockers post MI?
For patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), beta blocker therapy reduces infarct size and early mortality when started early and lowers the risk of death when continued long term.
Which injection is given during heart attack?
Heparin is given either intravenously or as a subcutaneous (under the skin) injection. Heparin commonly is given intravenously, usually with aspirin, antiplatelet agents, or fibrinolytic (clot-dissolving) medications for treating heart attacks.
What should the nurse monitor post myocardial infarction?
Nursing Assessment Monitor vital signs, especially the blood pressure and pulse rate. Assess for presence of shortness of breath, dyspnea, tachypnea, and crackles. Assess for nausea and vomiting. Assess for decreased urinary output.