How does Aristotle compare tragedy with comedy?

Aristotle finds that tragedy deals with serious, important, and virtuous people. Comedy, on the other hand, treats of less virtuous people and focuses on human “weaknesses and foibles”.

Is Hamlet a modern tragedy?

Hamlet seems to be closest of Shakespeare’s plays to modern times, though it was composed in the early years of the 17th century.

Is Othello an Aristotelian tragedy?

“Othello, the Moor of Venice” can be considered as a Shakespeare’s tragedy in which Othello serves as the tragic hero according to Aristotle. Othello is a tragic hero since he is a respected man at the begging enjoying power and honor but later faces downfall when he murders his wife suspecting her of being unfaithful.

What is the tragedy of Othello?

Othello is a tragedy because it tells the story of a noble, principled hero who makes a tragic error of judgment, leading to a devastating climax in which most of the characters end up either dead or seriously wounded. Othello, on the other hand, begins the play alienated from his community. …

Is Hamlet a tragedy comedy or history?

The comedies have common elements: they involve lovers and they almost always have a happy ending. Ten plays are considered tragedies: Titus Andronicus, Romeo and Juliet, King Lear, Hamlet, Othello, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, and Timon of Athens.

Why Othello is a tragic hero?

A tragic hero is a person who makes a bad judgment that leads to their own destruction. Othello is seen as a tragic hero since he not only was doomed from the start because of his race, which eventually lead him to do something bad as the result of his very poor judgment. …

What is comedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle, in his Poetics, states that comedy originated in phallic songs and that, like tragedy, it began in improvisation. The distinction is basic to the Aristotelian differentiation between tragedy and comedy: tragedy imitates men who are better than the average and comedy men who are worse.

What are Aristotle’s rules of tragedy?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and song-composition.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

Why is Hamlet not a tragedy?

Hamlet has several flaws, like a tragic hero, but he is not characterized as excellent by any means. Although Hamlet has the potential to be a tragic hero, his fellow characters in the play corrupt him and cause him to become evil, therefore rendering him unfit for the title of “tragic hero”.

Which came first comedy or tragedy?

Tragedies are first heard of, as stage plays, in the Dionysiac celebrations in Athens at the turn of the fifth century b.c.e., and comedies appear as a contrasting type of play a century later.

What is comedy and its types?

Definition of Comedy According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, comedy means a branch of drama, which deals with everyday life and humourous events. It also means a play of light and amusing type of theatre. Comedy may be defined as a play with a happy ending.

What is tragedy and comedy?

Tragedy and comedy are complementary forms. Stemming from early drama (with its rituals), a tragic protagonist makes a choice which leads to their eventual, inevitable destruction. There is usually a marriage at the end of a comedy—they are life-affirming in a positive way.

Is Iago a tragic hero?

Iago embodies the real tragic hero of Othello. He is the hardest working of the characters, the most intelligent and the bravest… Like all tragic heroes, Iago is the most deserving, but suffers one of the largest downfalls.

How does Aristotle treat comedy?

For Aristotle, comedy represents human beings as “worse than they are,” but he notes that comic characters are not necessarily evil, just ridiculous and laughable.

What are the features of tragedy?

Aristotle defined three key elements which make a tragedy: harmartia, anagnorisis, and peripeteia. Hamartia is a hero’s tragic flaw; the aspect of the character which ultimately leads to their downfall.

Who is the tragic hero in Hamlet?

Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, violates the law by killing different people such as Polonius, Laertes, Claudius, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, making him a tragic hero. Hamlet’s madness leads him down this path of destruction in which he harms and kills many people.