How high was the Boxing Day tsunami wave?

Tsunamis reached 20m in height at landfall in parts of Aceh. In other locations they spread 3 km inland carrying debris and salt water with them. The retreating waters eroded whole shorelines.

What were the impacts of the Boxing Day tsunami?

The Boxing Day Tsunami caused an estimation of 230,000 deaths and left 1.7 million people homeless ( (Worldvision 2021). In northern Sumatra, the epicenter of the event, 1,500 villages were destroyed. Over 5 million people were injured and needed emergency aid, food, and water.

How long did the Boxing Day tsunami last?

The Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 lasted for seven hours and reached out across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand, and as far away as East Africa.

How many deaths were there in the Boxing Day tsunami?

227,8982004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami / Number of deaths

How many homes were destroyed in the Boxing Day tsunami?

Over 570,000 people were displaced and 179,000 buildings and homes destroyed in Indonesia as the wave swallowed large parts of the coastline. Massive reconstruction aid in Banda Aceh has since rebuilt a new city on top of the ruins.

Where did the Boxing Day tsunami hit?

northern Sumatra
Within 15 minutes of the earthquake, waves began striking the coasts of northern Sumatra and the Nicobar islands. Waves of up to 30 metres were recorded as the tsunami swept through Aceh, the hardest hit region of Indonesia. Around two hours after the earthquake struck, waves reached Sri Lanka, India and Thailand.

How long did the Boxing Day Tsunami last?

How many homes were destroyed in the Boxing Day Tsunami?

Who died in the Boxing Day tsunami?

The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage. Indonesian officials estimated that the death toll there alone ultimately exceeded 200,000, particularly in northern Sumatra’s Aceh province.

How much money did the 2004 tsunami cost?

For example, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, with a death toll of around 230,000 people, cost a ‘mere’ $15 billion, whereas in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, in which 11 people died, the damages were six-fold.

What caused the Boxing Day tsunami?

A quarter of a million people died.

  • Two million people were made homeless.
  • People were swept away in the waters,which arrived rapidly and with little warning.
  • Thirteen countries were affected,the worst being Indonesia.
  • Indonesia was hit by the tsunami first.
  • Mangrove swamps helped to act as a barrier to reduce the energy of the water in some areas.
  • What were the effects of the Boxing Day tsunami?

    Crops destroyed.

  • Farm land ruined by salt water.
  • 8 million litres of oil escaped from oil plants in Indonesia.
  • Mangrove forests along the coast were destroyed.
  • Coral reefs and coastal wetlands damaged.
  • What are the social effects of the Boxing Day tsunami?

    Social impact of Tsunami Disasters bring disruption in the normal social life, create chaos, tear down social structure and destroy social order, so understanding social impact may be viewed as the study of „social pathology‟ (Dynes et al 1978) “Disasters provide a realistic laboratory for testing the integration,

    Why did the Boxing Day tsunami happen?

    What Caused the Boxing Day Tsunami? The Boxing Day tsunami that occurred on Dec. 26, 2004, was caused by an earthquake of above 9 magnitude in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by the movement of the Indio-Australian tectonic plate as it subducted below the Eurasian plate, causing the seafloor above it to lift upwards.