How wide do exterior steps need to be?

Outdoor stair width code As a means of egress, outdoor stairs must meet all the requirements set forth in IRC section R311. 7.1 Width. Stairways shall not be less than 36 inches in clear width at all points above the permitted handrail heights and below the required headroom height.

How many steps require a handrail in NY?

307.1 General. Every exterior and interior flight of stairs having more than four risers shall have a handrail on one side of the stair and every open portion of a stair, landing, balcony, porch, deck, ramp or other walking surface that is more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below shall have guards.

Do outdoor stairs need a landing?

All exterior doors shall have a landing immediately on the exterior side. These landings shall be as wide as the door and a minimum of 36 inches in the direction of travel. These landings must be no more than 8 inches below the interior floor level.

How far off can steps be?

A step tread is the flat, horizontal surface that you walk on. The tread depth is the distance from the front edge, or nosing (a tread projection that overhangs the riser below), of one step to the front edge or nose of the next step, measured horizontally. This distance must be at least 10 inches.

How many steps can you take without a handrail?

Building Codes The building code does not refer to the number of “steps” but it does require a handrail when there are two or more “risers”. For clarification, a “riser” is the vertical portion of a stair. The “tread” is the top of a step. A two riser minimum would translate to two steps.

How many steps can you have before you need a landing?

ADA Stair Landings – A landing is required every 12′ of vertical stairway rise.

How many steps can you have without a landing?

For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers between landings is 16 for utility stairs, and 12 for general access stairs (or 16 in exceptional circumstances where the plan area is restricted). There should not be any single steps.

Do you need a railing on both sides of exterior stairs?

You don’t need a handrail on both sides, but you may need a railing if your deck is higher than 30″. Many contractors construct a combo handrail and stair rail system, installed on both sides, to cover all safety requirements.