Is Corynebacterium striatum serious?
striatum can cause serious infections in immunocompetent hosts, as well6. In addition, cases of patient-to-patient spreading of C. striatum with serious nosocomial outbreaks are described in intensive care units. Therefore, in many countries, nowadays, C.
Where is Corynebacterium striatum found?
It is generally found as a ubiquitous microorganism, and, as a commensal of humans, colonising the nasopharynx. It has recently been recognised as an emerging pathogen although the genus of Corynebacterium is not usually considered to be pathogenic.
Is Corynebacterium striatum normal flora?
This species is part of the normal flora of the nose and skin. It is a rare cause of pulmonary infection, particularly in patients with chronic obstructive airway disease or those who are intubated. Transmission to mechanically ventilated patients in an intensive care unit has been documented.
How do you treat Corynebacterium?
Antibiotics are the treatment of choice for nondiphtherial corynebacteria infections. Many species and groups are sensitive to various antibiotics, including penicillins, macrolide antibiotics, rifampin, and fluoroquinolones. However, antibiotic susceptibility can vary, and susceptibility testing is recommended.
Does doxycycline cover Corynebacterium striatum?
The susceptibilities of 265 strains of Corynebacterium species and other non-spore-forming gram-positive bacilli to 18 antimicrobial agents were tested. Most strains were susceptible to vancomycin, doxycycline, and fusidic acid.
Can Corynebacterium cause endocarditis?
Non-diphtheriae Corynebacterium are regarded as contaminants when found in blood culture. Currently, Corynebacterium striatum is considered one of the emerging nosocomial agents implicated in endocarditis and serious infections.
How is Corynebacterium transmitted?
Diphtheria is an infection caused by strains of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae that make toxin. Diphtheria spreads from person to person, usually through respiratory droplets, like from coughing or sneezing. It can also spread by touching open sores or ulcers of someone with a diphtheria skin infection.
Is Corynebacterium contagious?
Diphtheria is a highly contagious and potentially life-threatening bacterial disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. There are two types of diphtheria: respiratory and cutaneous.
Can Corynebacterium cause disease?
Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by strains of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae that make toxin (poison). It can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, paralysis, and even death. CDC recommends vaccines for infants, children, teens, and adults to prevent diphtheria.
Is Corynebacterium a contaminant?
Corynebacterium is a genus that can contaminate blood cultures and also cause severe infections like infective endocarditis (IE).
Is Corynebacterium striatum a potential pathogen?
Corynebacterium striatum: an emerging respiratory pathogen Corynebacterium spp. must be considered potential pathogens. Suspicious isolates should be identified to the species level since Corynebacterium striatum is often multi-drug resistant. Corynebacterium spp. must be considered potential pathogens.
Which antibiotics are used to treat Corynebacterium Striatum infection?
Alternatively, linezolid, teicoplanin or daptomycin may be used in severe infections, while amoxicillin-clavulanate may be used to treat mild infections caused by C. striatum. Keywords: Corynebacterium striatum, Invasive infection, Antibiotic treatment, Systematic review
What is Corynebacterium minutissimum?
Corynebacterium minutissimum is yet another member of the normal flora on human skin but it can be associated with the polymicrobial disease erythrasma. Erythrasma is a skin infection characterized by scaly, reddish patches in areas where skin surfaces touch, such as the groin.
Is Corynebacterium striatum endocarditis associated with congenital lymphedema?
An unusual case of Corynebacterium striatum endocarditis in a patient with congenital lymphedema and rheumatic heart disease. Indian Heart J. 2016;68(Suppl 2):S271–S273.