What are 4 principles of the YCJA?

In addition to the Preamble and the Declaration of Principle, the YCJA includes other more specific principles to guide decision-making at key points in the youth justice process: Extrajudicial Measures, Youth Sentencing, and Custody and Supervision.

What are the 3 main purposes of the YCJA?

The YCJA states that the youth criminal justice system is intended to protect the public by holding youth accountable, promoting the rehabilitation and reintegration of youth back into society, and preventing crime.

What is the age of criminal responsibility in Ontario?

Age 12
In Canada, young people can be held responsible for a crime as of age 12. So, police can arrest a teenager if they think that the teen committed a crime (for example, theft, assault, drug possession or trafficking). But the law treats teens under 18 differently than adults.

Why did the YCJA replace the YOA?

1984: Young Offenders Act In 1984, the Young Offenders Act (YOA) replaced the JDA. Partially due to public demands for a stronger response to youth crime, the YOA: increased the age of criminal responsibility from 7 to 12. moved away from a welfare-oriented approach to one of responsibility and accountability.

What is the difference between the YCJA and the criminal Code of Canada?

The YCJA has specific sentencing provisions for young offenders that are different than the adult sentencing provisions in the Criminal Code. In most cases, judges impose one of the youth sentencing options in the YCJA. However, in very serious cases, the court does have the power to impose an adult sentence.

Can a 14 year old go to jail in Ontario?

While in most cases judges impose one of the youth sentencing options in the YCJA, the Act does allow judges to impose an adult sentence on a youth who is found guilty of a serious offence and was 14 years of age or older when the crime was committed.

What is the difference between the YCJA and the Criminal Code of Canada?

What is wrong with the Youth Criminal Justice Act?

Critics of the YCJA felt it was too lenient and when the Conservative Harper government came into power in January 2006, it lobbied for harsher sentences, arguing that they would be a deterrent to would-be youth criminals and cut down on repeat offenders.

Why is YCJA not effective?

It was criticized on many counts: for being too soft on the offender; for lacking a clear philosophy on youth justice in Canada; for inconsistent and unfair sentences; for not properly addressing serious and violent offences; for an overuse of the court system; and for not giving enough recognition to the victims.

Can a six year old go to jail?

Although most states allow a juvenile of 8 years old to be sent to jail, it is only in rare cases that they are sent there. However, in some states, there isn’t an age limit for a child to be sent to jail.