What are demurrage and detention charges?
Demurrage is charged by the shipping line per day per container from the date of discharge till the full container is moved out of the port or terminal for unpacking. Detention is charged per day per container from that time till the empty container is returned to the shipping line’s nominated depot.
What is demurrage tariff?
Demurrage is a charge imposed by a shipping line to the consignee if the container isn’t cleared and returned to a designated empty depot in specified free days.
What is the purpose of demurrage?
In commercial ship chartering, demurrage is an ancillary cost that represents liquidated damages for delays. It occurs when the vessel is prevented from loading or discharging cargo within the stipulated laytime (see affreightment: under Charter-parties).
What is free time demurrage and detention?
Definition of Demurrage, Detention, Demurrage and Detention Combined, and Free Time. Demurrage and detention both refer to fees incurred by importers and exporters alike when containers are either not picked up or dropped off within the appropriate amount of time.
How does demurrage detention and port charges work?
For demurrage, providers have to offer a reasonable free-time period in all instances. These charges are similar to demurrage costs, but they arise outside the port terminal. Detention is billed per container and per day, and the charged amount will vary per location, carrier and container type.
Who pays the demurrage fee?
In most cases, the consignee, or receiving party, must pay a demurrage fee when goods sit too long in the terminal. In some cases, the consignee may also face a fee from a carrier for taking too long. For example, when receiving a maritime shipment, it may be necessary to return containers to the vessel.
What is demurrage example?
When a ship is not loaded on time as promised, this is an example of a time when demurrage would be paid. When a truck leaves late because the cargo was loaded late, this is an example of demurrage. The delay itself. The detention of a ship or other freight vehicle, during delayed loading or unloading.
How can demurrage and detention charges be prevented?
Manage documentation digitally for quicker customs clearance One of the best strategies for avoiding demurrage and detention fees is to pre-clear cargo through customs. This, however, is easier said than done if your goods documentation is still managed by manual processes.
Who is responsible for demurrage charges?
The shipper is generally responsible for demurrage charges, but the consignee also may be legally obligated to pay, depending upon who was at fault for the delay and which party was contractually responsible to pay freight or other charges.
How is detention calculated?
In the calculation of Demurrage charges to the shipowner/port authority, the demurrage rate is multiplied by the number of days/part days over the agreed free days.
How can demurrage and detention charges be reduced?
Top 5 Tips to Reduce Demurrage, Detention and Storage Charges
- Make Sure Your Cargo is Ready on Time to Reduce Detention Charges.
- Be Smart About Customs Clearance to Reduce Demurrage and Storage Charges.
- Use the Expertise of a Freight Forwarder.
- Demand Demurrage, Detention and Storage Information in Your Quotation.
Can demurrage and detention charges be reduced or avoided?
While these charges cannot always be avoided, they can be significantly reduced with coherent planning and proactive communication.
How high were tariffs in the south during the Civil War?
Supporting this conclusion is the fact that the South enacted extremely low tariffs throughout the war, whereas the north enacted the Morrill Tariff of 1861, which enacted tariffs as high as 50 percent on some goods.
Was there a transatlantic tariff debate during the Civil War?
 Marc-William Palen, “The Civil War’s Forgotten Transatlantic Tariff Debate and the Confederacy’s Free Trade Diplomacy,”in The Journal of the Civil War Era 3, no. 1 (March 2013): 35-61.  “The Morrill Tariff,” All the Year Round, December 28, 1861.
Can John Stuart Mill debunk the Civil War tariff myth in Britain?
It would take the concerted efforts of abolitionists like John Stuart Mill, alongside Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, to debunk the Civil War tariff myth in Britain: The Union soon obtained some much needed trans-Atlantic help from none other than the English liberal philosopher John Stuart Mill.
Was the tariff the Confederacy’s intractable moral stain?
With the slavery question settled by the war and increasingly recognized as the Confederacy’s intractable moral stain, the tariff issue obtained significantly greater prominence in the postwar reminiscence literature than the secession debates themselves.