What are the 3 main risk factors for non-communicable diseases?
The main risk factors contributing to NCDs involve unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and alcohol misuse. Hence, most of these diseases are preventable as they eventually progress in early life due to lifestyle aspects (3).
What are the 10 common risk factors for non-communicable diseases?
Depression, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption have been identified by the WHO Global Health Observatory data as common and preventable risk factors that underlie most NCDs.
What is non-communicable disease surveillance?
NCD Surveillance in Public Health. Definition of Public Health. Surveillance. “Systematic ongoing collection, collation, and. analysis of data and the timely dissemination of information to those who need to know so that action can be taken.”
What is the leading cause of death in Iran?
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it seems that cardiovascular diseases, motor vehicle accidents, cancers, intentional and unintentional injuries are the major causes of death in Iranian population.
What are the 5 risk factors of non-communicable disease?
Risk factors Modifiable behaviours, such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol, all increase the risk of NCDs.
Who risk factors for noncommunicable?
The rise of NCDs has been driven by primarily four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.
What are the objectives of the NCD surveillance project?
NCD risk factor surveillance system would help in assessing its prevalence, establishing its risk factors, monitoring the trends over time, policy planning and help prioritize the allocation of health resources.
What is disease surveillance and monitoring?
Disease surveillance is an information-based activity involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of large volumes of data originating from a variety of sources. The information collated is then used in a number of ways to. Evaluate the effectiveness of control and preventative health measures.
What is the most common disease in Iran?
Cardiovascular disease is the most common, killing 100,000 Iranians each year, while chronic kidney disease also poses a serious health threat to the entire nation.
What diseases are common in Iran?
Common diseases in Iran are transmitted through mosquitos or contaminated food or water.
- Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
- Typhoid fever.
- Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B.
What are the risk factors of these diseases?
- smoking tobacco.
- drinking too much alcohol.
- poor diet and nutrition.
- physical inactivity.
- spending too much time in the sun.
- not having certain vaccinations.
- unsafe sex.