What are the complications of dextrocardia?

Complications include:

  • Blocked intestines (due to a condition called intestinal malrotation)
  • Heart failure.
  • Infection (heterotaxy with no spleen)
  • Infertility in males (Kartagener syndrome)
  • Repeated pneumonias.
  • Repeated sinus infections (Kartagener syndrome)
  • Death.

Does dextrocardia affect blood flow?

When there is no separation of the heart’s two sides, several problems occur: The blood flow to the heart increases, raising the pressure in the lungs. In ECD, the blood finds its way through the abnormal openings to the lungs. The condition makes the heart work harder to pump blood throughout the body.

How serious is dextrocardia?

Dextrocardia is a rare congenital condition where the heart points toward the right side of the chest instead of the left. The condition is usually not life-threatening, although it often occurs alongside more serious complications, such as heart defects and organ disorders in the abdomen.

How does maternal diabetes cause congenital heart disease?

Mothers with pre-existing diabetes have a fivefold increase in the risk of having a baby born alive with a cardiovascular malformation. Transposition of the great arteries, truncus arteriosus, and tricuspid atresia are the malformations particularly associated with maternal diabetes.

What is associated with dextrocardia?

Though isolated dextrocardia is a benign condition, it can often be associated with other congenital anomalies, which can lead to several problems such as failure to thrive, recurrent infections, and breathing difficulties in newborn and neonates. Adults with dextrocardia might also have accompanying infertility.

Can dextrocardia cause infertility?

Can a person live with dextrocardia?

People with isolated dextrocardia often live a normal life. Your doctor will help you prevent infections if you’re at a higher risk of getting sick. If you have a more complicated case of dextrocardia, you may face health problems throughout your life.

Which is the most common congenital malformation in a baby of diabetic mother?

They followed 609 diabetic pregnancies and found that 3.6% of the women delivered infants with cardiovascular defects, the most common being transposition of great arteries, truncus arteriosus and tricuspid atresia. Janssen et al[18] studied 1511 PGD cases, with congenital birth defects prevalence of 7.2%.

Can diabetes cause heart defects in babies?

The risk of congenital anomalies is increased in infants of diabetic mothers (IDM), and is estimated to be between 2.5 to 12%, with an over-representation of congenital heart defects. The incidence of malformations is the highest in the group where mothers were on insulin at the time of conception.