What are the major diseases of the urinary system?

Common problems

  • Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.
  • Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.
  • Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.
  • Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.

What are common kidney diseases?

What are the types and causes of kidney disease?

  • Chronic kidney disease. The most common form of kidney disease is chronic kidney disease.
  • Kidney stones. Kidney stones are another common kidney problem.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Urinary tract infections.

What are the kidney diseases?

How many different kidney diseases are there?

There are two main types of kidney disease – short-term (acute kidney injury) and lifelong (chronic).

What are some diseases of the kidneys?

More types of kidney diseases

  • Cystinosis. Cystinosis is a rare disorder that allows a natural chemical called cystine to build up in your body and cause health problems.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • IgA Nephropathy.
  • Lupus Nephritis.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease.
  • Rare diseases.

What are the common diseases of kidney?

What diseases are associated with the excretory system?

Nephrosis. Nephrosis or nephrotic syndrome is the inflammation of the nephrons,that is,the basic unit of structure and functioning of the kidneys.

  • Kidney stones. Stones in the kidneys are deposits of calcium that can be seen in the nephrons.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Bladder cancer.
  • Ureteritis.
  • Urethral stricture.
  • Prostatitis.
  • What are the disorders of excretory system?

    Some prominent symptoms of nephritis are foamy urine, blood in urine, change of urine colour, etc. Regular medication and dialysis, if needed, can cure this disease. Other notable disorders of the excretory system are renin secretion, oedema, urethritis, anuria, polyuria, etc.

    What systems are related to the excretory system?

    Liver: Blood contains many harmful substances. The liver breaks some harmful substances carried by the blood.

  • Lungs: The removal of carbon dioxide from the blood is considered the main function of the lungs.
  • Skin: The sebaceous gland and sweat gland in the skin secrete sebum and sweat,respectively.
  • What are some interesting facts about the excretory system?

    We have two kidneys,in which the left one is always higher than the right one.

  • One of the most interesting facts about the excretory system is that the human bladder can hold up to 400 ml of urine.
  • The skin is also considered a part of the excretory system because by removing sweat it helps eliminate various toxins from the body.