What are the stones for walls called?

A flagstone wall, for instance, is made of stacked, thin flagstones. Other stones commonly used in walls are granite, sandstone, limestone, and slate.

How do you build a fieldstone garden wall?

  1. Move Stones to Garden Area. Bring all the stones to the area you want the wall and spread them out so you can see all the sizes and shapes.
  2. Dig a Trench. Dig a trench around the bed.
  3. Add Pea Gravel.
  4. Add Stones.
  5. Add Another Layer of Stones.
  6. Continue Add Layers.
  7. Add Capstones.
  8. All Done.

How do you mortar a fieldstone wall?

Choose Stones A mortar wall must be built on a firm foundation, or its joints will crack. Dig a trench about 6 inches wider than your wall. It must be deeper than the frost line, or at least 12 inches deep for a 3-foot-high wall. Tamp the gravel in the bottom of the trench, and pour at least 8 inches of concrete.

What type of stone is fieldstone?

Fieldstones are stones found above ground. Their attractiveness lies in their natural look. They aren’t quarried but are byproducts of glacial action or rock outcroppings from which loose stones have fallen. Color and size vary with locale.

What is drywall stone?

Cut Drywall, or Wallstone, is a natural landscaping stone product used in the construction of retaining walls. Each piece is snapped to a rectangular size with natural heights and random lengths making it a popular choice for it’s ease of installation, natural beauty, and long-lansting durability.

How do you build a fieldstone retaining wall?


  1. Organize the Stones. Organize the wall stones roughly by size and shape, making different piles as needed.
  2. Set up a Level Line.
  3. Excavate the Area.
  4. Add Landscape Fabric.
  5. Build the Wall Base.
  6. Lay the First Course.
  7. Lay the Second Course.
  8. Begin Backfilling the Wall.

What is the difference between flagstone and fieldstone?

The basic difference between flagstone and fieldstone is that flagstone is quarried (comes from beneath the ground) and fieldstone is on top of the ground (or in the case of our Tennessee stone, it comes from the side of a mountain). This results in products that are different in color and texture.

What does field stone look like?

The stones usually vary in color from brown to gray to red. The natural beauty of fieldstone is captured in each rock -no rock is one uniform color. Even the all-gray stones have flecks of white where they have been struck by other rocks.

What is a fieldstone wall used for?

The aged fieldstone wall rambling through the countryside will forever be a symbol of our New England lifestyle. Freestanding fieldstone walls serve as property lines and fences. Retaining fieldstone walls not only are beautiful; they also serve a very important function to hold back and stabilize steep embankments.

How do you build a fieldstone wall?

It is very important that a fieldstone wall be built on undisturbed soil or well-compacted soil. Remove 6-12 inches of earth below the grade. Be sure that this area is flat and sloping in to provide a proper footing for your wall. Use stakes (or an A-frame) and masonry string to create the “batter” and line of the wall.

What is a freestanding mortared fieldstone wall?

A freestanding mortared fieldstone wall blends strength with the natural look of a dry stack. Q: “I’d like to build a fieldstone wall. What’s the best way to do it?” —Norma Laren, Blackstone, Mass. Roger Cook replies: Freestanding stone walls are a handsome way to define and improve your property.

How long does a fieldstone wall last?

Walls made of wood or concrete will deteriorate and crack after a short period of time. A dry-laid wall made of fieldstone will allow the free flow of air and water so that the wall will last indefinitely. We recommend watching this video in its entirety prior to starting your fieldstone wall.