What are the three major types of planning?

Planning is one of the four functions of management that allows a manager to develop and implement strategic action steps aimed at reaching an organizational goal. There are three major types of planning, which include operational, tactical and strategic planning.

What tools can be used for future planning?

  • Balanced Scorecard. The Balanced Scorecard is a strategy management framework created by Drs.
  • Strategy Map. A strategy map is a visual tool designed to clearly communicate a strategic plan and achieve high-level business goals.
  • SWOT Analysis.
  • PEST Model.
  • Gap Planning.
  • Blue Ocean Strategy.
  • Porter’s Five Forces.
  • VRIO Framework.

What is the difference between contingency planning and scenario planning?

Although the terms sometimes are used interchangeably, contingency planning is a specific type of scenario planning. Scenario planning usually anticipates gradual change, such as a loss of revenue over time. Contingency planning is for a sudden, drastic turn of events.

What is planning tools and techniques?

Seven Management and Planning Tools are a set of tools and techniques used to help effectively plan and manage various types of business operations. These tools are intended to guide you in the planning, analysis, and decision making processes.

What are the steps of planning process?

Stages in the Planning Cycle

  • Define objectives. The first, and most crucial, step in the planning process is to determine what is to be accomplished during the planning period.
  • Develop premises.
  • Evaluate alternatives.
  • Identify resources.
  • Plan and implement tasks.
  • Determine tracking and evaluation methods.

What are the principles of early childhood education?


  • Children always come first.
  • Every situation is a learning opportunity.
  • Child development plans build relationships and knowledge.
  • Parent and educator partnerships embrace the child.
  • Autonomous educators lead to innovation.

What is a good planning process?

Good Planning requires time bound actions. Planning needs to be flexible, Planning is the beginning and not an end, the plans must have modification feature. Planning must result in decision making

Which is a better planning tool?


What is the importance of participatory monitoring and evaluation?

The use of participatory monitoring and evaluation (M&E) approaches is important for guiding local decision-making, promoting the implementation of effective interventions and addressing emerging issues in the course of implementation.

What are your expectations before engaging in participatory planning?

In order to succeed, participatory planning activities should ensure the legitimacy, saliency, credibility and transparency of the process. It is also important to incorporate the needs of all actors involved in the process, including policy makers, in terms of problem solving.

What are the four steps of the planning process?

Here are the Four Stages:

  1. Formation: Developing the plan.
  2. Communication: Sharing the plan.
  3. Implementation: Doing the plan.
  4. Evaluation: Assessing the plan.

What are the planning tools?

Planning Tools are instruments that help guide organizational action steps related to implementation of an initiative, program, or intervention….Planning Tools are likely to be initiative-specific and may include:

  • Organizational timelines.
  • Action item checklists.
  • Things-to-do checklists.
  • Sample meeting agendas.

What is scenario planning and how is it used?

The idea is very simple: Scenario planning aims to define your critical uncertainties and develop plausible scenarios in order to discuss the impacts and the responses to give for each one of them. If you are aware of what could happen, you are more likely to deal with what will happen

What is the participatory planning process?

Participatory planning is a process by which a community undertakes to reach a given socio-economic goal by consciously diagnosing its problems and charting a course of action to resolve those problems. Experts are needed, but only as facilitators.

Why is participation good for the planning process?

Participation is instrumental to ensure that planning will work towards reflecting the priorities and interests of all major groups and that they will be committed to playing their role in translating planning into action.

Why Benchmarking is a better planning tool?

Benchmarking reveals a company’s relative cost position and identifies opportunities for improvement. Gain strategic advantage. Benchmarking helps companies focus on capabilities that are critical to building strategic advantage.

What is an example of a contingency plan?

A contingency plan is a plan devised for an outcome other than in the usual (expected) plan. Contingency plans are often devised by governments or businesses. For example, suppose many employees of a company are traveling together on an aircraft which crashes, killing all aboard.