What causes Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
Sources of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections have included sink drains, hand-washing soap, contaminated disinfectants, nebulizers, and even hospital suction tubing. Additionally, showerheads and faucets tend to be a favorite hiding spot for the bug.
What does Stenotrophomonas maltophilia do?
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a globally emerging pathogen that causes serious infectious complications in immunocompromised patients in particular. It also exhibits a wide range of drug resistance mechanisms and this complicates the management of infections caused by this GNB.
What is maltophilia infection?
maltophilia infections is of particular concern for immunocompromised individuals, as this bacterial pathogen is associated with a significant fatality/case ratio. S. maltophilia is an environmental bacterium found in aqueous habitats, including plant rhizospheres, animals, foods, and water sources. Infections of S.
Is Stenotrophomonas maltophilia serious?
Purpose: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has low pathogenicity potential, but if it causes bacteremia it can be fatal, because it has shown high resistance to many antibiotics and can be difficult to treat. Patient death from S. maltophilia bacteremia has increased since 2014 in our hospital.
Can Stenotrophomonas maltophilia cured?
maltophilia isolates are susceptible in vitro with an MIC < 2 mg/L . Small case series reporting its use in treatment of Stenotrophomonas ventilator-associated pneumonia in trauma patients have had clinical success with variable success in microbiological cure .
Where can Stenotrophomonas maltophilia be found?
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SMA) is a non-fermenting gram-negative bacillus found in plants and soil and on the surface of human skin. It is present in hospital environments and is detected in the respiratory and intestinal tracts.
How do you treat Stenotrophomonas?
1. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) The mainstay of treatment for Stenotrophomonas infections is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) and it remains the current drug of choice.
Is there a cure for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
The treatment of choice for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT). Fluoroquinolones (FQs) have in vitro activity against S. maltophilia; however, there is limited published information on their effectiveness.
What kills Stenotrophomonas maltophilia?
The treatment of choice for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT). Fluoroquinolones (FQs) have in vitro activity against S.
Where is Maltophilia found?
How can Stenotrophomonas maltophilia be prevented?
Effective infection control measures can minimize or limit the spread of this and other organisms in the ICU. Appropriate isolation procedures, rather than antimicrobial therapy, should be used to control the spread of S maltophilia.
How do you get rid of Stenotrophomonas?