What causes Tertian malaria?
Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of one type of malaria known as malignant tertian malaria (p. 125) in which the vector is a female mosquito of the genus Anopheles.
What is the physiopathology of malaria?
All the manifestations of malarial illness are caused by the infection of the red blood cells by the asexual forms of the malaria parasite and the involvement of the red cells makes malaria a potentially multisystem disease, as every organ of the body is reached by the blood.
What is Plasmodium falciparum 3d7?
The protozoan parasite Plasmodium falciparum is the causal agent of human malaria. This parasite has a very complex lifecycle, involving vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Infective forms (sporozoites) are transmitted to the human host during the mosquito Anopheles’ blood meal.
What is the difference between Tertian and quartan malaria?
Each of the four types of malarial parasite cause a characterisitic periodicity of fever. This has led to the description of malaria as being either tertian, where fever occurs every third day i.e. day 1,3,5 etc. or quartan where fever occurs every fourth day ie on day 1,4,7 etc.
What is Tertian and quartan malaria?
Three basic types of malaria 1. Benign tertian (P vivax and P ovale) with a fever every 2nd day (e.g., Monday; fever, Tuesday; no fever, Wednesday; fever). 2. Benign quartan (P malariae) with a fever every 3rd day (e.g., Monday; fever, Tuesday; no fever, Wednesday; no fever, Thursday; fever).
How is falciparum malaria treated?
falciparum infection, prompt treatment with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine (treatment schedule as for non-pregnant adult patients) is recommended. For chloroquine-resistant P. vivax infections, quinine plus clindamycin, or mefloquine should be given instead.
What is the infective stage of Plasmodium falciparum?
The infective stage called sporozoites released from the salivary glands through the proboscis of the mosquito enter the bloodstream during feeding.