What did Attlee do?
Attlee’s foreign policy focused on decolonization efforts which he delegated to Ernest Bevin, but personally oversaw the partition of India (1947), the independence of Burma and Ceylon, and the dissolution of the British mandates of Palestine and Transjordan.
What did Attlee Nationalise?
The Attlee government nationalised about 20% of the economy, including coal, railways, road transport, the Bank of England, civil aviation, electricity and gas, and steel.
Who was British PM in 1947?
Clement Attlee was leader of the Labour Party from 1935 to 1955, and served as Britain’s Prime Minister from 1945 to 1951.
Who defeated Winston Churchill?
Outcome. The caretaker government, led by Churchill, was heavily defeated. The Labour Party, led by Attlee won a landslide victory and gained a majority of 145 seats. It was the first election in which Labour gained a majority of seats and the first in which it won a plurality of votes.
When did Attlee resign?
1914London School of Economics and Political Science
Clement Attlee/Left dates
What was the rationale for nationalizing business?
In this context, the goals of nationalization were to dispossess large capitalists, redirect the profits of industry to the public purse, and establish some form of workers’ self-management as a precursor to the establishment of a socialist economic system.
Was Churchill a conservative?
Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, he was for most of his career a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955. He was a member of the Liberal Party from 1904 to 1924.
Why did Winston Churchill resign?
Churchill became Prime Minister for a second time. He continued to lead Britain but was to suffer increasingly from health problems. Aware that he was slowing down both physically and mentally, he resigned in April 1955.
Why did Anthony Eden leave office?
Eden resigned on 20 February 1938 as a public protest against Chamberlain’s policy of coming to friendly terms with Fascist Italy. Eden used secret intelligence reports to conclude that the Mussolini regime in Italy posed a threat to Britain. Eden still had no complaints about the appeasement of Nazi Germany.