What happened during the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s?

Through nonviolent protest, the civil rights movement of the 1950s and ’60s broke the pattern of public facilities’ being segregated by “race” in the South and achieved the most important breakthrough in equal-rights legislation for African Americans since the Reconstruction period (1865–77).

What places were segregated in the 1960s?

Black Codes and Jim Crow Through so-called Jim Crow laws (named after a derogatory term for Blacks), legislators segregated everything from schools to residential areas to public parks to theaters to pools to cemeteries, asylums, jails and residential homes.

What issues were important to African Americans in the 1950s?

The Civil Rights Movement African Americans had been fighting against racial discrimination for centuries; during the 1950s, however, the struggle against racism and segregation entered the mainstream of American life.

What major civil rights laws were passed in the 1950’s and 1960’s?


Amendment/Act Public Law/ U.S. Code
Civil Rights Act of 1957 P.L. 85–315; 71 Stat. 634
Civil Rights Act of 1960 P.L. 86–449; 74 Stat. 86
Civil Rights Act of 1964 P.L. 88–352; 78 Stat. 241
Voting Rights Act of 1965 P.L. 89–110; 79 Stat. 437

What are 3 major events of the civil rights movement during the 50’s?

Timeline of the American Civil Rights Movement

  • 1954: Brown v. Board of Education.
  • 1955: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • 1957: The Little Rock Nine and the Little Rock Central High School Integration.
  • 1960: The Greensboro Four and the Sit-In Movement.
  • 1960: Ruby Bridges and the New Orleans School Integration.

What events in the 1950s influenced the civil rights movement?

In 1954, the civil rights movement gained momentum when the United States Supreme Court made segregation illegal in public schools in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. In 1957, Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas asked for volunteers from all-Black high schools to attend the formerly segregated school.

When did segregation end in USA?

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, which legally ended the segregation that had been institutionalized by Jim Crow laws. And in 1965, the Voting Rights Act halted efforts to keep minorities from voting.

What is the difference between segregation and discrimination?

Segregation vs Discrimination Treating people according to the color of their skin and holding prejudice against a particular class of people because of their racial affiliations are examples of discrimination. On the other hand, keeping people apart on the basis of their perceived differences is segregation.

How did African American fight for equal rights?

Resistance to racial segregation and discrimination with strategies such as civil disobedience, nonviolent resistance, marches, protests, boycotts, “freedom rides,” and rallies received national attention as newspaper, radio, and television reporters and cameramen documented the struggle to end racial inequality.

When was the Racial Discrimination Act passed?

The RDA is a law passed in 1975 by the Whitlam government to make sure everyone in Australia was treated equally and given the same opportunities – regardless of their background.