What happens during the absorptive state?
The absorptive state, or the fed state, occurs after a meal when your body is digesting the food and absorbing the nutrients (catabolism exceeds anabolism). Digestion begins the moment you put food into your mouth, as the food is broken down into its constituent parts to be absorbed through the intestine.
Which hormone is released during the absorptive state quizlet?
Regulation of Metabolism during the Absorptive State: Insulin and after a meal… What stimulates the release of insulin? -pancreatic beta cells release INSULIN when stimulated by glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) & the rising blood levels of glucose and certain amino acids.
What happens during the absorptive state quizlet?
1. Absorptive State: During and after meal (~4hours). Nutrients are absorbed from the gut. The GI tract w/nutrients + are entering blood.
What process of glucose occurs in absorptive state?
Nutrient processing in the absorptive state Carbohydrates – Simple sugars are sent to the liver where they are converted to glucose. The glucose then travels to the blood or is converted to glycogen and fat (triglyceride).
What happens to carbohydrates in absorptive state?
Absorptive State As stated in class, following a meal carbohydrates are broken down to simple sugars by various hydrolases in the brush border of the intestine and are imported into intestinal enterocytes using a sodium symport (step “1” in Figure 1).
Which of the following is secreted during the post absorptive state?
During the fasting or postabsorptive state, glucagon is secreted.
Which of the following would mainly occur during the absorptive state?
During the absorptive state, glucagon promotes the secretion of glucose from the liver. Insulin promotes the cellular uptake of plasma glucose during the absorptive state.
What stimulates insulin release quizlet?
Insulin secretion is triggered by increase in cytoplasmic calcium concentration. This is a result in the opening of voltage gated calcium channels in the plasma membrane. Glucose enters the beta cells through the glucose transporter GLUT-2.
Which of the following typically increases during the absorptive state?
In the absorptive state, an increase in blood glucose is detected by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets, causing them to increase the release of insulin into the blood.
What hormone regulates the absorptive state?
Insulin is the major hormone, directing organs, tissues and cells in terms of what to do with the absorbed nutrients during the absorptive state.
What is the primary hormone of the absorptive state?
What is insulin released in response to?
Insulin is secreted primarily in response to glucose, while other nutrients such as free fatty acids and amino acids can augment glucose-induced insulin secretion. In addition, various hormones, such as melatonin, estrogen, leptin, growth hormone, and glucagon like peptide-1 also regulate insulin secretion.