What is a confocal scanning laser?

Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) is a technique for obtaining high-resolution optical images with depth selectivity and allows protein localisation in specific cellular compartments.

What is laser scanning confocal microscopy used for?

Laser scanning confocal microscopy (usually shortened to just confocal microscopy) uses the principle of fluorescence excitation to investigate the structural properties of cells and the location of particular structures or protein populations within those cells in fixed tissue.

What is confocal imaging used for?

Confocal microscopy is widely used for fluorescence imaging in the life sciences. The last decade has seen advances in illumination sources, detectors, fluorescent probes, optics, and sample preparation techniques, which provide improvements in different combinations of speed, depth, and resolution.

How does a laser scanning confocal microscope work a level?

The CLSM works by passing a laser beam through a light source aperture which is then focused by an objective lens into a small area on the surface of your sample and an image is built up pixel-by-pixel by collecting the emitted photons from the fluorophores in the sample.

How does laser confocal work?

Confocal microscopy uses light from a laser through the objective of a standard light microscope to excite a specimen within a narrow plane of focus. Any emission of light from out-of-focus planes is rejected by the pinhole, or confocal aperture.

What is confocal technology?

Confocal microscopy is a technique that uses lasers and fluorescence to create a three-dimensional image of a sample. A focused laser beam is used to excite the molecules at one point of the sample. The molecules, called fluorophores, release photons as they return to their unexcited state, causing the fluorescence.

What is the application of confocal microscopy?

Applications of confocal microscopy in the biomedical sciences include the imaging of the spatial distribution of macromolecules in either fixed or living cells, the automated collection of 3D data, the imaging of multiple labeled specimens and the measurement of physiological events in living cells.

What does confocal mean?

having the same foci
Definition of confocal : having the same foci confocal ellipses confocal lenses.

What is the principle of confocal laser microscope?

Similar to the widefield microscope, the confocal microscope uses fluorescence optics. Instead of illuminating the whole sample at once, laser light is focused onto a defined spot at a specific depth within the sample. This leads to the emission of fluorescent light at exactly this point.

What can SEM be used for?

SEMs are used in materials science for research, quality control and failure analysis. In modern materials science, investigations into nanotubes and nanofibres, high temperature superconductors, mesoporous architectures and alloy strength, all rely heavily on the use of SEMs for research and investigation.

What is the primary advantage of a confocal microscope?

Confocal microscopy offers several advantages over conventional widefield optical microscopy, including the ability to control depth of field, elimination or reduction of background information away from the focal plane (that leads to image degradation), and the capability to collect serial optical sections from thick …