What is another name for Hirschsprung disease?

Hirschsprung’s disease (also called congenital aganglionic megacolon) occurs when some of your baby’s intestinal nerve cells (ganglion cells) don’t develop properly, delaying the progression of stool through the intestines.

What are the complications of Hirschsprung’s disease?

What are the complications of Hirschsprung disease?

  • swelling of the abdomen.
  • fever.
  • diarrhea.
  • vomiting.
  • lack of energy.
  • rectal bleeding.
  • shock link.

What is the incidence and etiology of Hirschsprung’s disease?

The disorder occurs in approximately one in 5,000 live births. It is usually apparent shortly after birth, but may present in older children and adults. Hirschsprung disease should be considered in people with a history of severe constipation.

What are the different types of Hirschsprung disease?

There are two main types of Hirschsprung disease, known as short-segment disease and long-segment disease, which are defined by the region of the intestine lacking nerve cells. In short-segment disease, nerve cells are missing from only the last segment of the large intestine (colon).

How Hirschsprung disease is diagnosed?

Removing a sample of colon tissue for testing (biopsy). This is the surest way to identify Hirschsprung’s disease. A biopsy sample can be collected using a suction device, then examined under a microscope to determine whether nerve cells are missing.

What happens in Hirschsprung disease?

Hirschsprung disease is a birth defect in which some nerve cells are missing in the large intestine, so a child’s intestine can’t move stool and becomes blocked. About 1 in 5,000 newborns has Hirschsprung disease.

What is the pathophysiology of Aganglionic megacolon?

Hirschsprung’s disease (HD), also known as congenital aganglionic megacolon disease, is a congenital disease in which ganglionic cells fail to develop in the large intestine. This commonly presents as delayed or failed passage of meconium around birth.

What is physiology and pathophysiology?

Pathophysiology is the field of study that converges on pathology and physiology. Physiology is a field of study that explains the various biological mechanisms that operate within an organism. Pathology is another discipline that explores conditions associated with a disease.

What is the prognosis of Hirschsprung disease?

What is the prognosis (outlook) for people who have Hirschsprung disease? Most children with Hirschsprung disease gain weight, grow and thrive after surgery to correct the problem. Rarely, a child may need a second (revisional) pull-through surgery.

How to diagnose Hirschsprungs disease?

– Anorectal manometry. This non-invasive test measures rectal nerve reflexes, which are the key indicators of Hirschsprung’s disease. – Abdominal x-ray. This test can show signs of obstruction, as well as swollen segments of the large and small intestine. – Barium enema. – Biopsy of the rectum or large intestine. – Colonic manometry. – Colonic transit studies.

What are the symptoms of Hirschsprung disease?

– constipation that becomes worse with time – loss of appetite – delayed growth – passing small, watery stools – abdominal distention

How to pronounce Hirschsprung disease?

hirschsprung pronunciation – How to properly say hirschsprung. Listen to the audio pronunciation in several English accents.