What is considered abdominal trauma?
Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen. Signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, tenderness, rigidity, and bruising of the external abdomen. Complications may include blood loss and infection. Diagnosis may involve ultrasonography, computed tomography, and peritoneal lavage, and treatment may involve surgery.
How do you manage abdominal trauma?
In blunt abdominal trauma, including severe solid organ injuries, selective nonoperative management has become the standard of care. Angiography is a valuable modality in nonoperative management of abdominal solid organ injuries from blunt trauma in adults.
How long does it take for abdominal trauma to heal?
Typically, patients may be discharged home after 2 to 3 days. They are instructed to restrict activity for a minimum of 6 to 8 weeks. It is not clear which asymptomatic patients require an imaging study before resuming full activity, especially when heavy lifting, contact sports, or torso trauma are likely to occur.
What are 4 potential problems of abdominal injuries?
Muscle guarding, back and flank pain, nausea, vomiting, and even shock are possible with significant trauma to the kidneys. With enough force transferred to the abdominal area, intestinal damage and even bowel perforation can occur.
What is the most common cause of abdominal trauma?
Blunt abdominal trauma usually results from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), assaults, recreational accidents, or falls. The most commonly injured organs are the spleen, liver, retroperitoneum, small bowel, kidneys (see the image below), bladder, colorectum, diaphragm, and pancreas.
What is the most frequently damaged organs due to abdominal trauma?
The liver and spleen are the most frequently damaged organs. CT scanning has increased the identification of abdominal injuries.
What do you need to know about abdominal trauma management?
… It needs a gamut of trained personnel, modern gadgetry and sophisticated triage centres for the management of trauma victims as a unit. Abdominal trauma is an injury to abdomen; it may be blunt or penetrating and may involve damage to the abdominal organs .
Is there an upsurge in abdominal trauma in India?
Such upsurges have been noted in the recent past in 2008 and 2010; however, a new face of upheaval took place in the month of July 2016. Herein, we present an analysis of 500 abdominal trauma victims reported to our department at Government Medical College Srinagar, Kashmir, India.
Can abdominal trauma cause rupture of underlying organs?
This direct trauma may be suffi-cient to cause rupture of the underlying organs. It is important to note that there may be an Management of abdominal trauma • Hepatic injury. Active arterial extravasation of contrast from the right lobe of the liver. … • Splenic injury.
What is the initial approach to the abdominal patient survey?
Initial Approach to the Abdominal Patient Primary Survey • A,B,C,D,E – Stage of Resuscitation • Re-evaluation of ABC – Monitors – Gastric tube and Foley Catheter – X-Rays: Chest, Pelvis (blunt trauma), – C/Spine (blunt trauma,?) Careful Abdominal Exam takes place in the Secondary Survey Secondary Survey of the Abdomen