What is difference between FOB and CIF?
The abbreviation CIF stands for “cost, insurance and freight,” and FOB means “free on board.” These are terms are used in international trade in relation to shipping, where goods have to be delivered from one destination to another through maritime shipping. The terms are also used for inland and air shipments.
Who pays for CIF shipping?
The seller covers the cost of shipping, and insurance. The seller also obtains the necessary documentation, licenses, and inspections that may be required. The buyer assumes full responsibility for the goods as soon as they reach the destination port under a CIF agreement.
What does CIF 10% mean?
Q: What does “CIF+10%” mean? A: CIF+10% stands for: C = Cost/invoice value (purchase cost if your client is the buyer, or selling price if they are the seller) I = Insurance premium. F = Freight and associated charges (e.g. customs clearance charges)
Who pays for shipping on FOB?
FOB freight prepaid and allowed specifies that the seller is obligated to pay the freight transportation charges and owns the goods while they are in transit. The seller assumes the risk of loss of or the damage of goods during transit. The title of goods passes to the buyer at the buyer’s business location.
How is CIF price calculated?
In order to find CIF value, the freight and insurance cost are to be added. 20% of FOB value is taken as freight. Means USD 200.00. Insurance is calculated as 1.125% – USD 13.00 (rounded off).
Is CIF door to door?
CIF: Cost, insurance & freight You, the importer of the goods, are responsible for the unloading and customs clearance of the goods at the destination port, as well as pickup of goods, cargo insurance and delivery to the door at destination.
Is CIF for sea freight only?
Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) Use of this rule is restricted to goods transported by sea or inland waterway. In practice it should be used for situations where the seller has direct access to the vessel for loading, e.g. bulk cargos or non-containerised goods.
What is CIF in import?
Cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) is an international shipping agreement used when freight is shipped via sea or waterway. Under CIF, the seller is responsible for covering the costs, insurance, and freight of the buyer’s shipment while in transit.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of CIF?
Advantages and Disadvantages of CIF – Cost insurance and Freight. The advantage to the seller is that it can often obtain cheap insurance and then build a larger amount into its selling price. The advantage to the buyer is that it does not have to worry about declaring the shipment to its own insurer.
Which is better FOB origin or destination?
Free on Board (FOB) is a term used to indicate who is liable for goods damaged or destroyed during shipping. “FOB origin” means the buyer is at risk once the seller ships the product. “FOB destination” means the seller retains the risk of loss until the goods reach the buyer.
What is EXW price?
Ex works (EXW) is a shipping arrangement in which a seller makes a product available at a specific location, but the buyer has to pay the transport costs.