What is hard handover and soft handover?

Hard handover: This form of handover is essentially the same as that used for 2G networks where one link is broken and another established. Soft handover: This form of handover is a more gradual and the UE communicates simultaneously with more than one Node B or base station during the handover process.

What is the difference between soft handover and softer handover?

Soft handover – handover between two sectors of the same cell of a NodeB is called soft handover. Softer handover – handover between two cells (different NodeB) is called softer handover.

What is the difference between hard and soft handover techniques?

Hard Handover:- When mobile(in Call) switches to a new sector/Cell which is on different frequency , then it performs hard Handover. It is basically an inter-frequency handover. SOft Handover:- When mobile ( in Call) switches to a new sector/cell which is on the same frequency then it is called a soft handover.

What is handover in UMTS?

Handover or handoff is as important for UMTS as any other form of cellular telecommunications system and is performed seamlessly so that the user is not aware of any change. Any failures within the UMTS handover (or UMTS handoff) procedure will lead to dropped calls which will in turn result in user dissatisfaction.

What is a hard handover?

Hard handover. Is one in which the channel in the source cell is released and only then the channel in the target cell is engaged. Thus the connection to the source is broken before or ‘as’ the connection to the target is madeā€”for this reason such handovers are also known as break-before-make.

What is hard handover in telecom?

A hard handoff is a handoff technique used with cellular networks that requires the user’s connection to be entirely broken with an existing base station before being switched to another base station.

What is hard handover?

What is a soft handoff?

Soft handoff is a “Make before break” handoff. That is, the mobile station (MS) is up on a call and moves from one base station (BS) to another, but the MS starts communicating with a new BS before terminating communications with the old BS. Soft handoffs can only be used between BSs on the same frequency.

What is hard handover in LTE?

Hard handover refers a UE starts handover to the target cell by breaking the current existing connection with the source cell before having a new connection with the target cell.

Why soft handover is not possible in LTE?

LTE is based on OFDMA, which is fundamentally a frequency division method. This means that a UE has to actually resync to a different set of frequency subcarriers when it hands over between cells, removing the possibility for soft handover.

What is hard handoff in mobile communication?

What is UMTS handover?

UMTS handover UMTS Handover. The UMTS World is an 3G mobile system news and information provider. Comprehesive coverage of UMTS / 3G news, licensing, business developments, 3G WCDMA telecommunication technology, multi media mobile phones and future communications.

What is soft handover?

Soft handover is performed by means of macro diversity, which refers to the condition that several radio links are active at the same time. Normally soft handover can be used when cells operated on the same frequency are changed. Softer handover

What is hard handover in UE?

Hard handover means that all the old radio links in the UE are removed before the new radio links are established. Hard handover can be seamless or non-seamless. Seamless hard handover means that the handover is not perceptible to the user.

Why do mobile signals get split during soft handover?

Due to reflections on buildings or natural barriers the signal sent from the mobile stations reaches the base station from two different sectors. The signals received during softer handover are treated similarly as multi-path signals.