What is nasal prong used for?

A nasal cannula is a medical device to provide supplemental oxygen therapy to people who have lower oxygen levels. There are two types of nasal cannulas: low flow and high flow. The device has two prongs and sits below the nose. The two prongs deliver oxygen directly into your nostrils.

What is another name for nasal prongs?

The nasal cannula (NC) is a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or increased airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help. This device consists of a lightweight tube which on one end splits into two prongs which are placed in the nostrils and from which a mixture of air and oxygen flows.

What is the difference between nasal prongs and nasal cannula?

A nasal cannula is a lightweight tube that’s connected to an oxygen supply on one end. On the other end are two prongs that are placed in the nostrils. A nasal cannula is considered a low-flow system that mixes oxygen with the air in the room, providing 24 to 44 percent oxygen.

How much oxygen do nasal prongs produce?

A traditional nasal cannula can only effectively provide only up to 4 to 6 liters per minute of supplemental oxygen. This equates to a FiO2 of approximately 0.37 to 0.45.

How much oxygen can a nasal cannula deliver?

The nasal cannula is a low flow system that mixes oxygen with room air. The flow rates range from 1 to 6 liters/minute, providing 24% to 44% of inspired oxygen. Rates above 4 liters/minute can dry mucous membranes and cause discomfort and bleeding, so add humidification.

How often do you change a nasal cannula?

As for the nasal cannula, if you are wearing your oxygen 7 days a week, 24 hours per day, the cannula should be changed every 2 weeks. You can wipe the nasal prongs during those two weeks with a clean cloth that has a mild soap solution, but that is all you need to do.

How often do you need to change the nasal cannula?

Do nasal cannulas come in different sizes?

Nasal cannulas come in different sizes and with different flow rates. Unlike the numbered sizes of intravenous cannulas, nasal cannulas are available in sizes for adults, children and infants. According to a 2020 study , regular flow nasal cannulas provide only up to 4–6 liters per minute of supplemental oxygen.

How much oxygen can nasal prongs send?

What is the maximum oxygen flow rate for a nasal cannula?

Flow rates of 1-4 litres per minute are used with nasal cannulas, equating to a concentration of approximately 24-40% oxygen. Flow rates of up to 6 litres can be given but this will often cause nasal dryness and can be uncomfortable for patients (British Thoracic Society, 2008).