What is the difference between intracranial and intracerebral?

It is important to understand the difference between the terms intracranial hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage. The former refers to all bleeding occurring within the skull, while the latter indicates bleeding within the brain parenchyma. All intracranial hemorrhages (ICH) share some classic clinical features.

Is a brain bleed and an aneurysm the same thing?

A brain aneurysm can leak or rupture, causing bleeding into the brain (hemorrhagic stroke). Most often, a ruptured brain aneurysm occurs in the space between the brain and the thin tissues covering the brain. This type of hemorrhagic stroke is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

What’s the difference between a brain hemorrhage and an aneurysm?

A hemorrhagic stroke happens when an artery ruptures. An aneurysm is the result of a weakened artery wall that can bulge and rupture. Aneurysms can occur in the brain (cerebral aneurysm) or in other parts of the body, such as the abdomen or the heart. A brain aneurysm can cause a hemorrhagic stroke.

What is the most common location of intracranial bleeding?

The most common locations include:

  • basal ganglia.
  • cerebellum.
  • brain stem.
  • cortex.

What does a brain bleed headache feel like?

In general, symptoms of brain bleeds can include: Sudden tingling, weakness, numbness, or paralysis of the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body. Headache. (Sudden, severe “thunderclap” headache occurs with subarachnoid hemorrhage.)

What is a hollow aneurysmal bone cyst?

The majority of ABCs are hollow and filled with different sized liquid or blood filled sacs called cysts. Because ABCs usually are filled with these blood-filled cysts, they are fragile and prone to fracture. Approximately 5% of aneurysmal bone cysts are solid tumors rather than being hollow.

What is a ruptured aneurysm?

An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge or ballooning in the wall of a blood vessel. “A proportion of these patients will go on to have a rupture. And the challenge with rupture is that it’s unpredictable.” Dr. Bernard Bendok says a ruptured aneurysm is a medical emergency that can cause life-threatening bleeding in the brain.

Which MRI findings are characteristic of an aortic aneurysmal bone cysts?

Doughnut sign: increased uptake peripherally with a photopenic center. MRI is able to demonstrate the characteristic fluid-fluid levels exquisitely as well as identify the presence of a solid component suggesting that the aneurysmal bone cyst is secondary. The cysts are of a variable signal, with a surrounding rim of low T1 and T2 signal.

Are fluid-fluid levels unique to aneurysmal bone cysts?

It is important to remember that the presence of fluid-fluid levels, although characteristic of aneurysmal bone cysts, is by no means unique to them, and is seen in other lesions as well, both benign and malignant (e.g. giant cell tumors (GCT), chondroblastoma, simple bone cysts and telangiectatic osteosarcomas ).