What is the life-threatening complications after fracture femur?

Complications of fractures fall into two categories: early and delayed. Early complications include shock, fat embolism, compartment syndrome, deep vein thrombosis, thromboembolism (pulmonary embolism), disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, and infection.

Can a child walk on a fractured femur?

A spica cast is left on until the bone is healed, in about 8 to 12 weeks. The child may not be able to walk while the cast is in place. After the cast comes off, the child may need to use crutches for 3 to 4 weeks while the leg regains strength if he or she is old enough (around age 6).

How long does it take for a broken femur to heal in a child?

In most cases, a recovery period of three to six weeks of early healing is necessary before the child can begin walking on the injured leg. When the bone is completely healed, usually around one year after the injury occurs, the child returns to the hospital to have the nails removed.

What happens when a child breaks their femur?

Generally, children who fracture their femur will heal well, regain normal function, and have legs that are equal in length. The intramedullary nails may need to be removed following healing if they cause irritation of the skin and tissues underneath.

What is a major complication when caring for a child who has undergone fracture reduction?

The reported incidence of surgical complications associated with the reduction and fixation of facial fractures is generally less than 5%. These complications include infection, hardware malfunction, asymmetry, poor scarring, and malocclusion.

What is the most serious complication of fracture?

Pulmonary embolism is the most common severe complication of serious fractures of the hip or pelvis. It occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein, breaks off (becoming an embolus), travels to a lung, and blocks an artery there. As a result, the body may not get enough oxygen.

How common are femur fractures in toddlers?

12 The rate of femur fracture in children younger than 2 years of age was 38.0 per 100 000; this is greater than the rate of 25.5 per 100 000 reported by Hinton and colleagues for femoral shaft fractures in this age group in Maryland.

How common are femur fractures in children?

Femoral shaft fractures are among the most common diaphyseal fractures in children with an estimated annual incidence of 19 fractures per 100,000 children in the United States [1-4]. They are also the most common pediatric fracture of the femur, accounting for up to 62 percent of all femur fractures [3].

What are the common complications following a fracture?

Major complications of fracture repair include osteomyelitis, delayed union, nonunion, malunion, premature physeal closure, and fracture associated sarcoma. Consideration of these complications should factor into presurgical patient evaluation as well as postoperative management.

How can a 2 year old break a femur?

Events with the highest risk for pediatric femur fractures include:

  1. Falling hard on the playground.
  2. Taking a hit in contact sports.
  3. Being in a motor vehicle accident.
  4. Child abuse.

How serious is a femur fracture in a child?

Femur fractures that occur in children could be accompanied by serious complications that might last for the rest of their lives. There are several ways in which children might suffer a femur fracture. Some of the most common mechanisms include: A severe injury that occurs while playing sports.

What are the possible complications of femur fracture treatment?

Many of the complications associated with femur fracture treatment are unique to the particular treatment modalities, though there are some sequelae common to all treatment types. The most common complication is leg length discrepancy. Particularly with nonoperative treatment, shortening is common.

What causes a femur fracture in a baby?

Femur fractures in newborns are unusual, but can occur, for example, in babies born with a skeletal dysplasia such as osteogenesis imperfecta – also known as brittle bone disease – or sometimes following a very difficult delivery.

Which events are associated with the highest risk for pediatric femur fractures?

Events with the highest risk for pediatric femur fractures include: Femur fractures vary greatly. The pieces of bone may be aligned correctly (straight) or out of alignment (displaced), and the fracture may be closed (skin intact) or open (bone piercing through the skin).