What is the meaning of matrilineal society?

What is the meaning of matrilineal society?

Matrilineal society, also called matriliny, group adhering to a kinship system in which ancestral descent is traced through maternal instead of paternal lines (the latter being termed patrilineage or patriliny).

Is Nair a caste?

The Nair /ˈnaɪər/, also known as Nayar, are a group of Indian Hindu castes, described by anthropologist Kathleen Gough as “not a unitary group but a named category of castes”. Some Nair women also practiced hypergamy with Nambudiri Brahmins from the Malabar region.

Is Pillai a caste?

Origin. The term Pillai literally means “child” in the Tamil language. The title occur both as a single name or as a suffix to the name. The title is used by different castes such as the Agamudayar,Karaiyar, Nair,Vellalar .

Who is the head of matriarchal family?

Definitions, connotations, and etymology. According to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), matriarchy is a “form of social organization in which the mother or oldest female is the head of the family, and descent and relationship are reckoned through the female line; government or rule by a woman or women.”

Where is matriarchy practiced in India?

In the small hilly Indian state of Meghalaya, a matrilineal system operates with property names and wealth passing from mother to daughter rather than father to son – but some men are campaigning for change.

Who is Saiva Pillai?

The community of Saiva Vellalas were conferred the title ‘Mudaliar’ by the Travancore kings and they ruled Nanjil Nadu on behalf of the kings. Late poet Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai copied a few manuscripts in 1903. Chronicling a reality very different from the present, the manuscripts speak of wealthy Dalits.

Which is the oldest caste in Tamilnadu?

Paraiyar
Group of Paraiyars in the Madras Presidency, 1909
Classification Scheduled Caste
Religions Hinduism
Languages Tamil

Which caste population is high in Tamilnadu?

Adi Dravida are numerically the largest SCs with a population of 5,402,755, constituting 45.6 per cent of the state SC population. They are followed by Pallan 2,272,265 (19.2 per cent), Paraiyan 1,860,519 (15.7 per cent), Chakkiliyan 777,139 (6.6 per cent) and Arunthathiyar 771,659 (6.5 per cent).

Which caste comes under BC in Tamilnadu?

  • BACKWARD CLASSES. Agamudayar including Thozhu or Thuluva Vellala. Agaram Vellan Chettiar. Alwar, Azhavar and Alavar (in Kanniyakumari District and Shencottah Taluk of Tirunelveli District.) Servai(except Tiruchirapalli, Karur, Perambalur and Pudukottai Districts.)
  • MOST BACKWARD CLASSES. 144. Ambalakarar. 145. Andipandaram.

What are the characteristics of matrilineal society?

descent through mother (family name through mother), matrilocal residence system (husband lives in wife’s residence), and inheritance of parental property by daughter. Any society where these characteristics exist is considered to be matrilineal.

What is the difference between matrilineal and matriarchy?

The term ‘matrilineal’ is commonly mistaken for the similar-sounding term ‘matriarchy’. By definition, ‘matriarchy’ is a form of social organization where the power lies in the hands of women; this is rarely, if ever, the case.

Is Nair and Pillai same?

Pillai originally is the title of Vellalar a Tamil Agricultural caste. Vellala women adopted Matriarchal system and mixed with Nairs. Since in the Nair Matriarchal system mothers surname is added hence Vellala surname Pillai is added Vellalar and Nairs were Sudras but became landed gentry.

Who is Sozhiya vellalar?

Chozhia Vellalar (also spelt as Sozhia Vellalar) is a caste from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The Chozhia Vellalars along-with Keerakarars, Kodikalarars and Vatrilaikarars is a sub-caste of the greater Vellalars.