What is the most common manifestation of occlusal trauma?
The most common clinical feature of secondary occlusal trauma is significant tooth mobility. Other common findings (in addition to those noted with primary occlusal trauma) include drifting and tipping of the teeth.
What are signs of occlusal trauma?
The signs and symptoms experienced by patients with occlusal trauma are mobility of teeth, temperomandibular joint pain, pain on mastication and periodontal disease. Early diagnosis, proper treatment plan and correction of malocclusion can lead to a successful outcome.
What are Parafunctional habits?
Parafunctional habits are habits that exercise a body part in a way that is other than its most common use. Biting your nails, chewing ice cubes, or using your teeth to open things are common parafunctional habits for teeth.
What can occlusal trauma cause?
Traumatic occlusion may lead to thickening of the alveolar bone and periodontal ligament. It may also cause bleeding, cell injury and cell death, bone resorption, and damage to the cementum.
How do you check for trauma occlusion?
To assess the effects of trauma from occlusion, fremitus test, tooth mobility and presence of wear facets were used as criteria. Prevalence of a positive fremitus test in patients with gingival recession was found to be 59.1%.
Does occlusal trauma cause gingival recession?
Clinical experience and anecdotal reports from astute observers have identified localized etiologic effects of maloccluded and malpositioned teeth on periodontal health. In this case, occlusal trauma and mucogingival stress could be predisposing factors for gingival recession.
Which of the following types of occlusal trauma occurs unexpectedly as a result of biting on a hard object?
Primary occlusal trauma occurs when a greater than normal occlusal force is placed on the teeth. This can occur from parafunctional habits, such as bruxism or chewing and biting habits.
What are Parafunctional movements of the mandible?
Oral parafunction includes bruxism, clenching, lip biting, thumb sucking, and any other oral habit not associated with mastication, deglutition, and speech. Bruxism and clenching are the most common of the parafunctional activities and have a prevalence of up to 90% in the general population.
What are the factors that will mainly influence the effect of occlusal forces on the periodontium?
The effect of occlusal forces on the periodontium is influenced by their direction, duration, and frequency.
How is occlusal trauma diagnosed?
Clinical diagnosis that occlusal trauma has occurred or is occurring may include progressive tooth mobility, fremitus, occlusal discrepancies/disharmonies, wear facets (caused by tooth grinding), tooth migration, tooth fracture, thermal sensitivity, root resorption, cemental tear, and widening of the periodontal …
Can occlusion cause periodontal disease?
from occlusion in the etiology of periodontal disease is long overdue. On the one hand trauma from occlusion has been depicted as an extremely significant factor which causes gingivitis, gingival festoons and clefts, perio- dontal pockets and bone loss.