What is the name of a 3 carbon group attached to a long chain hydrocarbon?
To name an alkane, first identify the longest chain of carbon atoms in its structure. A two-carbon chain is called ethane; a three-carbon chain, propane; and a four-carbon chain, butane. Longer chains are named as follows: pentane (five-carbon chain), hexane (6), heptane (7), octane (8), nonane (9), and decane (10).
What are 3 hydrocarbons examples?
Overall, examples of hydrocarbons are methane, ethane, propane, and butane.
What are 3 sources of hydrocarbons?
The vast majority of hydrocarbons found on Earth occur in crude oil, petroleum, coal, and natural gas. Petroleum (literally “rock oil” – petrol for short) and coal are generally thought to be products of decomposition of organic matter.
What are straight-chain hydrocarbons?
Structural formulas for ethane, propane (C3H8), and butane (H4H10) are shown below. These alkanes are called straight-chain alkanes because the carbon atoms are connected in one continuous chain with no branches. Naming and writing structural and molecular formulas for the straight-chain alkanes is straightforward.
What are hydrocarbons and its types?
Typically, hydrocarbons are colourless gases that have very weak odours. Hydrocarbons can feature simple or relatively complex structures and can be generally classified into four subcategories, namely alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons.
What are the types of hydrocarbons?
They are divided into alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Alkanes have only single bonds, alkenes contain a carbon-carbon double bond, and alkynes contain a carbon-carbon triple bond. Aromatic hydrocarbons make up a group of related substances obtained by chemical breakdown of certain pleasant-smelling plant extracts.
What are hydrocarbons made of?
Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and lubricating oil), coal tar, creosote, dyestuff, and pyrolysis waste products.
What are the 3 basic structures of carbon based molecules?
Carbon-based molecules have three fundamental structures—straight chains, branched chains, and rings.