What is the problem of theodicy?

A theodicy is an attempt to justify or defend God in the face of evil by answering the following problem, which in its most basic form involves these assumptions: God is all good and all powerful (and, therefore, all knowing). The universe/creation was made by God and/or exists in a contingent relationship to God.

What is the problem of evil according to St Augustine?

Augustine proposed that evil could not exist within God, nor be created by God, and is instead a by-product of God’s creativity. He rejected the notion that evil exists in itself, proposing instead that it is a privation of (or falling away from) good, and a corruption of nature.

What did Irenaeus believe?

Unity of salvation history. Irenaeus’s emphasis on the unity of God is reflected in his corresponding emphasis on the unity of salvation history. Irenaeus repeatedly insists that God began the world and has been overseeing it ever since this creative act; everything that has happened is part of his plan for humanity.

What are the problems of evil and suffering?

There are two types of evil and suffering: Moral evil and suffering – this is suffering caused by the actions of humans. Examples include acts of murder, and war. Natural evil and suffering – this is suffering that is caused by nature and has nothing to do with the actions of humans.

What is the solution to the problem of evil?

From an atheistic viewpoint, the problem of evil is solved in accordance with the principle of Occam’s razor: the existence of evil and suffering is reconciled with the assumption that an omnipotent, omnibenevolent, and omniscient God exists by assuming that no God exists.

What are Augustine’s views on the problem of free will?

God created the free will, and the free will to Adam and Eve and later every one, every one has a natural freedom will. Augustine thought that it was a kind of ability to exist in our soul, it is a kind of ability of reason and freedom.

What is the most serious error according to Augustine?

As Augustine puts it, this is “the common error that men, having found a false opinion, do not diligently search for the truth”20.

What did Irenaeus of Lyons do?

St. His work Adversus haereses (Against Heresies), written about 180, was a refutation of gnosticism. In the course of his writings Irenaeus advanced the development of an authoritative canon of Scriptures, the creed, and the authority of the episcopal office.