What is the process of caries development?

Caries develops when there is a susceptible tooth exposed to pathogenic flora (bacteria) in the presence of substrate (the surface on which an organism grows). Under these conditions, the bacteria metabolize substrate to form acid, which decalcifies teeth.

What qualifies Nyvad?

The Nyvad Criteria were developed in 1999 [14,15]. They are based on a visual–tactile caries classification to enable the detection of the activity and severity of caries lesions, with special focus on low-caries populations, useful both in clinical practice and in a research setting.

What are the 4 methods of caries intervention?

No Treatment of Carious Lesions or Extraction For no carious treatment, only 1 RCT was included [van Gemert-Schriks et al., 2008]. This study compared 4 different interventions: (1) full dental treatment (ART and extractions), (2) only extractions, (3) only restorations using ART, and (4) no treatment.

How does carious lesion formation happen?

Summary. The caries process is initiated by activity within the biofilm and manifested in the underlying enamel or dentin. The caries lesion may be active or arrested, and reflects the activity in the biofilm. It should be considered the sign or symptom of the disease.

What are the stages of a cavity?

The 5 Stages of Tooth Decay

  • Demineralization‌ During the first stage of tooth decay, the outer layer of your teeth — the enamel — starts to weaken due to the presence of plaque.
  • Enamel Decay‌
  • Dentin Decay.
  • Damaged Pulp.
  • Abscess Formation‌

How does the Icdas differ from the WHO method of caries diagnostic criteria?

ICDAS is focused on measuring fully cavitated lesions. B. The WHO method is focused on measuring fully cavitated lesions.

How is caries risk calculated?

Characteristics that place a patient at high caries risk include: Sugary Foods or Drinks: Bottle or sippy cup with anything other than water at bedtime (ages 0 to 6 years) or frequent or prolonged between meal exposures/day (ages >6 years)…Patient Education Resources

  1. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay.
  2. Cavities.
  3. Decay.
  4. Sealants.

What are mechanisms used to stop caries?

Fluoride in drinking water and in fluoride-containing products reduces tooth decay via these mechanisms. Low but slightly elevated levels of fluoride in saliva and plaque provided from these sources help prevent and reverse caries by inhibiting demineralization and enhancing remineralization.

What are the methods of reducing the risk of caries for patients?

To prevent tooth decay:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste.
  • Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss or interdental cleaners, such as the Oral-B Interdental Brush, Reach Stim-U-Dent, or Sulcabrush.
  • Rinse daily with a fluoride-containing mouthwash.

What is the first stage of a carious lesion?

A carious lesion develops in three stages of demineralization. The first stage in demineralization of enamel is called the incipient lesion or “white spot” (Figure 1).

What are carious lesions?

Carious lesions where there is a visible macroscopic breakdown in the tooth surface (that is, a visible ‘hole’) and the area may have softened walls or floor. Dental caries (dental decay, tooth decay or ‘cavities’)