What is the significance of dimethyl carbonate in green chemistry?

Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is an established solvent and a green reagent which continues to attract attention. It is a nonpolar aprotic solvent with good miscibility with water, biodegrades readily in the atmosphere, and is non-toxic.

What is the use of dimethyl carbonate?

Dimethyl carbonate is an environmentally friendly solvent used to make coatings, adhesives, and cleaning agents. DMC is also used as a raw material for organic synthesis, and in reactions that include methylation, carbonylation, and carbomethoxylation.

Is dimethyl carbonate biodegradable?

Dimethyl Carbonate is also non-toxic and biodegradable, which makes it a green reagent.

Is dimethyl carbonate a VOC?

In the US, dimethyl carbonate was exempted under the definition of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by the U.S. EPA in 2009. Due to its classification as VOC exempt, dimethyl carbonate has grown in popularity and applications as a replacement for methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and other solvents.

Can emit volatile organic compounds VOCs?

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted as gases from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects. Concentrations of many VOCs are consistently higher indoors (up to ten times higher) than outdoors.

What is the full form of DMC?

Abbreviation : DMC DMC – Dough Moulding Compounds. DMC – Determined Medium Concentration. DMC – Diagnose Manage Cure. DMC – Data Monitoring Committee. DMC – Determined Mean Concentration.

What is green solvent?

Green solvents are environmentally friendly solvents, or biosolvents, which are derived from the processing of agricultural crops. The use of petrochemical solvents is the key to the majority of chemical processes but not without severe implications on the environment.

What is the largest source of VOC emissions?

Humans Identified as the Largest Source of Volatile Organic Chemicals in Indoor Air. US researchers found that people and their possessions directly emitted 57% of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) they measured in the air of a university lecture theatre[1].

Is CO2 a VOC?

Some common gases such as carbon dioxide CO2, carbon monoxide CO, and carbonic acid, are not included in the classification as VOCs because they are not particularly reactive or volatile.