What is the treatment for extrapulmonary tuberculosis?
The recommended treatment for drug-susceptible EPTB is with isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide for 6 months, with the exception of tuberculous meningitis which is treated with 9 to 12 months of therapy .
How long is the treatment for extra pulmonary TB?
Purpose: The recommended duration of pulmonary tuberculosis therapy is 6 months.
What is the difference between pulmonary TB and extra pulmonary TB?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that typically affects the lungs, though it can also involve other body parts. When it affects the lungs, it’s called pulmonary TB. TB outside of the lung is called extrapulmonary TB.
What is the cause of extrapulmonary TB?
Summary. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that occurs in organ systems other than the lungs. Epidemiologic risk factors include birth in high TB-prevalent countries, exposure at place of residence/work in an institutional setting, and homelessness.
How do TB become extrapulmonary?
Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis If the infection is not contained by the immune system, in around 3–8 weeks, local spread and spread to regional lymph nodes in the lungs occurs. Subsequent spread to other organs results in extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB).
What are the symptoms of extrapulmonary TB?
Symptoms include fever, chills, weakness, malaise, and often progressive dyspnea. Intermittent dissemination of tubercle bacilli may lead to a prolonged fever of unknown origin (FUO).
How does extrapulmonary TB spread?
Mainly transmitted from person to person through the air. When someone with active pulmonary TB coughs, sneezes, spits or speaks, infected droplets can be projected into the air. Inhaled bacteria can then lodge in the lungs and cause TB.
How is extrapulmonary TB spread?
How is it transmitted? Mainly transmitted from person to person through the air. When someone with active pulmonary TB coughs, sneezes, spits or speaks, infected droplets can be projected into the air. Inhaled bacteria can then lodge in the lungs and cause TB.