What is use of DJ stent?

Ureteral stenting (also known as double J stent) is the procedure to place a thin, flexible plastic tube that is temporarily in the ureter to help urine drain from the kidney into the bladder in the case of a blockage. The ureters carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Why double-J stent is used?

Double J stents have been used for more than 25 years and have become a staple of the urological endoscopic armamentarium. They are used mainly for stabilization of the ureter after surgery and to provide drainage through a ureter that may be obstructed, leaking, dysfunctional, or strictured.

Why DJ stent is used in kidney stone treatment?

The stent allows urine to drain easily from the kidney into the bladder. The stent is often used when there is a blockage in the ureter (for example, from a kidney stone) and allows urine to drain around the blockage.

When should DJ stent be removed?

The DJ stent generally needs to be replaced or removed within 6 weeks to 6 months to avoid complications like encrustations, stone formation, fractures and blockades of stents.

How is DJ stenting done?

A tube with a tiny optic camera is inserted through the urethra into your bladder. The bladder is inspected, and the ureteric opening is located. The stent is placed by sliding it over a flexible wire inserted into the ureter. The procedure is usually performed with the patient asleep (under general anaesthesia).

Does DJ stent cause UTI?

To prevent such complications, the placement of double J (DJ) stents is a common prophylaxis during ureteral anastomosis [2–7]. However, an increase in urinary tract infections (UTI) and hematuria has been observed with the use of DJ stents following transplantation [8].

What is DJ stent removal?

The DJ stent is removed with the process called cystoscopy and DJ stent removal. In this procedure the patient is made to lie down on a table and a local anesthetic Jelly is placed in the urinary passage after which a scope is inserted and the DJ stent is visualized and extracted using an endoscopic forceps.

Is anesthesia given during DJ stent removal?

Double J (DJ) stents are often removed under local anesthesia using a rigid cystoscope. Patients experience significant pain during this procedure and also continue to have discomfort during voiding for a few days.

What happens if DJ stent is not removed?

Especially after witnessing symptoms like blood in the urination, spasms of the ureter or bladder, frequent urination, etc. What will happen if the DJ stent is not removed? If it is not removed as recommended, it could lead to complications like encrustation, stone formation, fractures, and stent blockage.

Is DJ stent necessary after ureteroscopy?

Conclusion: Routine placement of a ureteral stent is not mandatory in patients without complications after ureteroscopic lithotripsy for impacted ureteral stones.

Does DJ stent cause pain?

Stents can cause discomfort and pain in the bladder, kidneys, groin, urethra and the genitals. The discomfort or pain may be more noticeable after physical activity and passing urine. Taking regular painkillers, such as paracetamol, should ease the discomfort.

How DJ stent is removed?