What is Wenren painting?

The theory of wenren (Scholar) hua (Painting) proposed by Dong Qichang at the end of the the Ming Dynasty had far-reaching repercussions to the style of landscape painting in the Qing Dynasty. Having inherited the tradition of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, the Scholar Painting gradually became the mainstream style.

What is the gongbi brush technique?

gongbi, Wade-Giles romanization kung-pi, in Chinese painting, meticulous brush technique that delimits details very precisely and without independent or expressive variation. It is often highly coloured and usually depicts figural or narrative subjects.

What medium did Shen Zhou use?

Although best known for his landscapes, Shen Zhou was equally talented in depicting flowers, fruits and vegetables, and animals in monochrome ink. He also became the first to establish among the literati painters a flower painting tradition.

What is Nanga art?

“Nanga” literally translates as “Southern painting.” It is the Japanese rendering of the original Chinese term used to refer to intentionally unpolished amateur painting. In China these paintings were produced by scholar-gentlemen (Ch. wenren; Jp.

What is Yamato e style?

Yamato-e is a calculated decorative style and is essentially an art of illustration, at its best unequaled in its vigorous, flowing compositions. Placement is the overriding consideration. Scroll paintings of the 12th and 13th centuries show a close relation between painting and prose.

What is the difference between gongbi and shui mo hua painting techniques?

There are two main types of Guohua: ‘Gongbi’ 工筆, which uses colour ink in small amounts and is extremely detailed with fine brushwork; and ‘Shuimo’ 水墨, which uses either black ink in various concentrations or coloured ink and is usually done in a freer style, using few brush strokes and details but conveying the …

What are the three basic formats of Chinese painting?

while in terms of subject and theme, traditional Chinese paintings are classified into three main categories: the figure painting, landscape painting and flower-and-bird painting.

What is the characteristics of Zhou art in China?

The bronzes of the Eastern Zhou reveal a noticable upturn in quality and complexity. Often decorated with unusual handles in the form of animal heads, their more elegant forms were frequently adorned with scrolls, spirals, interlaced serpents and other continuous patterns often encircling the whole vessel.

What was Shen Zhou known for?

Shen Zhou (1427-1509) was a Chinese painter, poet, and calligrapher known for founding the Wu school. His style name was Qi Nan and his sobriquet was Shi Tian. He was born into a wealthy Confucian family in Suzhou and his school is deemed a “literati” school of painting.

What is literati painting or wenrenhua?

The literati painting or wenrenhua (文人畫) is the ideal form of the Chinese scholar-painter who was more interested in personal erudition and expression than in literal representation or an immediately attractive surface beauty.

What is wenrenhua?

According to the principle of wenrenhua, the completely literate, cultured artist—learned in all the humane arts—who revealed the privacy of his vision in his painting was preferred over the “professional,” whose paintings were more obviously pleasing to the eye.

What is the principal difference between modern and Dutch seventeenth-century painting technique?

The principal difference between modern and Dutch seventeenth-century painting technique is that painting was broke down into a series of distinct passages executed in a predefined order.

What do we really know about Dutch painting methods?

What we now know of seventeenth-century Dutch painting methods is based largely on information gleaned from contemporary painting manuals integrated with the results of modern scientific analysis. Period painting manuals were more apt to discuss theoretic issues of the noble art of painting rather than the practical side of painting.