What was it like to be a factory worker in the 1800s?
The working conditions in factories were often harsh. Hours were long, typically ten to twelve hours a day. Working conditions were frequently unsafe and led to deadly accidents. Tasks tended to be divided for efficiency’s sake which led to repetitive and monotonous work for employees.
What was life in the factories like?
Factory owners appreciated workers whose fingers were small enough to weave thin threads in complex machines. Despite their important contributions, women and children received low pay for their labor. They were commonly forced to work 16 hours per day or longer.
What did life look like in the 1800s?
Many lived a hand-to-mouth existence, working long hours in often harsh conditions. There was no electricity, running water or central heating. With no electric lighting (or gas) the rhythm of life revolved around the hours of daylight, and therefore would have varied with the seasons.
Who took photos of children working in the factories?
photographer Lewis Hine
One of these investigators was the photographer Lewis Hine, who traveled across the country meeting and photographing children working in a variety of industries. Lewis Hine quit his job as a New York City school teacher to join the National Child Labor Committee.
What was it like in the factories?
During the first century of industrialization, children worked in factories. Factory owners wanted workers whose fingers were small enough to weave thin threads. Despite their importance and hard labor, women and children received low pay. They were forced to work 16 hours per day or longer.
How long did kids work in factories?
Children in the mills usually worked eleven or twelve hour days, 5-6 days a week. Windows were usually kept closed because moisture and heat helped keep the cotton from breaking.
How many hours did a child work during the Industrial Revolution?
Young children working endured some of the harshest conditions. Workdays would often be 10 to 14 hours with minimal breaks during the shift. Factories employing children were often very dangerous places leading to injuries and even deaths.
How much did a child get paid in the Industrial Revolution?
Children were paid less than 10 cents an hour for fourteen hour days of work. They were used for simpler, unskilled jobs. Many children had physical deformities because of the lack of exercise and sunlight. The use of children as labor for such long hours with little pay led to the formation of labor unions.
What was it like to be a child in the 1800s?
Children were expected to take on chores around the house as soon as they could help. Small children, even as young as 4 or 5 years old, had chores such as keeping the fire going, fetching water, and caring for livestock. Even families who lived in towns often owned chickens or horses.
What is the significance of the cotton mill girl picture?
Among his iconic photos is “Cotton Mill Girl,” which helped raised consciousness about the issue of child labor. Hine’s photos influenced child labor debates over the next 35 years, and he is considered to be the most important social advocacy photographers of the first half of the 20th century.
What do breaker boys do for a living?
Description. Breaker boys worked in the coal mines. Their main job was to separate chunks of coal by hand. As coal came down the conveyor belt, they would break up the coal into common sized pieces and also separate out any things like rocks, clay and soil.