When did Captain Cook arrive in Australia?

Cook reached the southern coast of New South Wales in 1770 and sailed north, charting Australia’s eastern coastline and claiming the land for Great Britain on 22nd August 1770.

How many years did Captain Cook explore Australia?

James Cook FRS (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the British Royal Navy, famous for his three voyages between 1768 and 1779 in the Pacific Ocean and to New Zealand and Australia in particular.

When did Captain Cook steal Australia?

Lieutenant James Cook, captain of HMB Endeavour, claimed the eastern portion of the Australian continent for the British Crown in 1770, naming it New South Wales.

What happened on 26 January Australia?

Observed annually on 26 January, it marks the 1788 landing of the First Fleet at Sydney Cove and raising of the Union Flag by Arthur Phillip following days of exploration of Port Jackson in New South Wales.

What date did First Fleet arrive in Australia?

20 Jan 1788
20 Jan 1788 – First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay.

WHO declared Australia terra nullius?

Governor Richard Bourke
The Proclamation of NSW Governor Richard Bourke in 1835 implemented the legal principle of terra nullius in Australian law as the basis for British settlement. This was 47 years after the arrival of the First Fleet.

Who found Australia first?

James Cook was the first recorded explorer to land on the east coast in 1770. He had with him maps showing the north, west and south coasts based on the earlier Dutch exploration.

What happened to Aboriginal in Australia?

After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.

Did James Cook claim terra nullius?

The legal concept of terra nullius allowed British colonists to disregard Indigenous ownership of Australia, to regard Australia as an empty continent and to take the land without ever negotiating a treaty. Terra nullius is often ascribed to Cook, but both Ms Page and Dr Blyth have found no record of this.