Which algorithm uses meet-in-the-middle attack?

Using meet-in-the-middle attacks it is possible to break ciphers, which have two or more secret keys for multiple encryption using the same algorithm. For example, the 3DES cipher works in this way. Meet-in-the-middle attack was first presented by Diffie and Hellman for cryptanalysis of DES algorithm.

Which encryption algorithm is prone to meet-in-the-middle attack?

Triple DES uses a “triple length” (168-bit) key and is also vulnerable to a meet-in-the-middle attack in 256 space and 2112 operations, but is considered secure due to the size of its keyspace.

What is meet-in-the-middle attack in cryptography?

Meet-in-the-middle is a known plaintext attack that can greatly reduce the number of brute-force permutations required to decrypt text that has been encrypted by more than one key. Such an attack makes it much easier for an intruder to gain access to data.

Is meet-in-the-middle attack same as man-in-the-middle attack?

But they are completely different. Man-in-the-middle attacks are an active attack on a cryptographic protocol. In this case, attackers can intercept, relay, and even alter messages. A meet-in-the-middle attack involves a time-space trade-off to drastically reduce the effort to perform a brute-force attack.

What is Triple DES algorithm?

In cryptography, Triple DES (3DES or TDES), officially the Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (TDEA or Triple DEA), is a symmetric-key block cipher, which applies the DES cipher algorithm three times to each data block.

What is DES algorithm in cryptography?

The DES (Data Encryption Standard) algorithm is a symmetric-key block cipher created in the early 1970s by an IBM team and adopted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The algorithm takes the plain text in 64-bit blocks and converts them into ciphertext using 48-bit keys.

What is 3DES algorithm?

The Triple Data Encryption Algorithm, alternately referred to as Triple DES (Data Encryption Standard), 3DES, TDES, Triple DEA, or TDEA, is a symmetric key-block cipher which applies the DES cipher in triplicate by encrypting with the first key (k1), decrypting with the second key (k2), and encrypting with the third …

What is meet-in-the-middle attack Geeksforgeeks?

Man in the Middle Attack: It is a type of cyber-attack where the attacker performs its functions by staying between the two parties. The type of function it can do is to alter the communication between the two parties and make both of the parties feel that they are communicating in a secured network.

How TLS prevent the man in middle attack?

A popular technique to prevent man in the middle attacks is to encrypt communication with TLS. If cybercriminals do manage to intercept the encrypted data, they won’t be able to decrypt it without having the necessary decryption key on hand.

Can RSA prevent man-in-the-middle attacks?

Man-in-the-middle attacks typically involve spoofing something or another. Public key pair based authentication like RSA can be used in various layers of the stack to help ensure whether the things you are communicating with are actually the things you want to be communicating with.

Why AES is better than 3DES?

The main difference between AES and 3DES is that AES is much faster than 3DES, and it is also more secure than 3DES. The encryption key lengths of AES are 128, 192, and 256 bits, but the encryption key length of 3DES is still limited to 56 bits. As a standard symmetric encryption algorithm, AES comes after 3DES.