Which drug is used in treating icterus Neonatorum?

Phenobarbital may be administered prenatally in the mother or postnatally in the infant. In populations in which the incidence of neonatal jaundice or kernicterus is high, this type of pharmacologic treatment may warrant consideration. However, concerns surround the long-term effects of phenobarbital on these children.

Which virus is responsible for jaundice?

Conditions that can cause jaundice include: Infections of the liver from a virus (hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, and hepatitis E) or a parasite.

What are the five types of jaundice?

Types of Jaundice. There are three main types of jaundice: pre-hepatic, hepatocellular, and post-hepatic. In pre-hepatic jaundice, there is excessive red cell breakdown which overwhelms the liver’s ability to conjugate bilirubin. This causes an unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia.

What does Gravis mean?

Medical Definition of gravis : tending to be more virulent than average —used especially of strains of diphtheria bacilli — see icterus gravis, icterus gravis neonatorum, myasthenia gravis — compare intermedius, mitis.

What is the prognosis of icterus gravis neonatorum?

PROGNOSIS It is usually stated that the mortality in icterus gravis neonatorum is approximately 80 per cent, regardless of treatment. In most of those who recover, the blood picture as well as all of the physical changes which have taken place, return to normal.

What are the signs and symptoms of icterus gravis neo Natorum?

CLINICAL FEATURES The most outstanding and characteristic sign of icterus gravis neo- natorum is the jaundice which is present at birth or very shortly there- after and which may rapidly increase in intensity. Occasionally, the jaundice is not detectable until thirty-six to forty-eight hours after birth.

What are hydrops fetaiis and icterus gravis?

The occurrence of both hydrops fetaiis and icterus gravis have been noted without the presence of nucleated red blood cells in the peripheral blood. Further, a marked erythroblastemia in icterus gravis has been found even when the red cells have not dropped below 4,000,000 per cu. ram.

Is there a case of severe neonatal jaundice of the icterus gravis?

A case of severe neonatal jaundice of the icterus gravis group is described, with comment on the most important papers which have appeared since Diamond, Blackfan and Baty’s 1 comprehensive report on erythroblastosis foetalis in 1932. REPORT OF A CASE A 3 week old girl was admitted to the children’s service on Jan. 7, 1935.