Why do pediatric patients require special dosing?
Thus specific dosing guidelines and useful dosage forms for pediatric patients need to be developed in order to optimize therapeutic efficacy and limit, or prevent, serious adverse side effects.
How can you ensure safe medication administration for pediatric patients?
Tips for Ensuring Pediatric Medication Safety
- Use oral syringes to administer oral medications to pediatric patients.
- When storing bulk medications, avoid stocking multiple strengths in the same bin.
- Separate and label look-alike/sound-alike and high-alert drugs.
What factors need to be considered in the pediatric patient before administering any medications?
Each child’s age, background, and level of physical and psychosocial development must be considered, and the administration process tailored to meet these particular needs. In addition, children are particularly vulnerable to medication errors.
What important aspects should be considered when preparing and administering medications to the pediatric population?
Adhere to the “six rights” of medication administration: right patient/child, right drug, right dose, right time, right route, and right documentation. Check the orders to be sure that all information is correctly transcribed. Note any allergies. Always double-check medication calculations before administration.
At what age do you stop pediatric dosing?
My child is 12, and I’ve noticed on over-the-counter meds most “children’s” doses are recommended up to age 12.
What is the main route of drug elimination in pediatric patients?
Drug elimination in pediatric patients can occur via multiple routes, including exhalation, biliary secretion, and renal clearance. Of these, the kidney is the primary organ responsible for the excretion of drugs and their metabolites.
What are the eight rights of pediatric medication administration?
Eight Rights of. Medication Administration. The Right Person.
What should you do if a child spits out their medication at school?
If your child spits out or vomits medicine, don’t give another dose — call your doctor for instructions. And, if your child isn’t getting better or gets worse while taking the medicine, talk to your doctor.
What is Clark’s rule formula?
Clark’s rule equation is defined as the weight of the patient in pounds divided by the average standard weight of 150 pounds (68 kg) multiplied by the adult dose of a drug equals the pediatric medication dose, as is demonstrated below: (Weight* divided by 150 lbs.)
What does the A on a prescription mean?
Medical prescriptionMedical prescription / Full name