What are the 4 parenteral routes?

Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:

  • Subcutaneous (under the skin)
  • Intramuscular (in a muscle)
  • Intravenous (in a vein)
  • Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What are the 5 parenteral routes?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM). Not all techniques are appropriate for each species.

What are the 3 routes used for parenteral medications?

The common parenteral routes are intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SC) and intravenous (IV). Box 1 outlines the advantages and disadvantages of parenteral routes.

What is parenteral route?

Parenteral drug administration refers to drugs given by routes other than the digestive tract. The term parenteral is usually used for drugs given by injection or infusion. The enteral route usually refers to taking drugs by mouth. The common parenteral routes are listed in Table 7.1.

What are parenterals give their types?

Parenteral preparations are intended to be administrated through the human or animal body, either by direct injections (for example, bolus intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC)) or by infusion with a controlled infusion rate or by direct implantation through IM or SC.

What are parenteral injections?

Parenteral drugs refer to drugs using non-oral means of administration by injecting the drug directly into the body typically through three common routes of administration: intramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous.

What is the advantage of parenteral route?

Advantages of Parenteral Route of Administration: Rapid absorption and faster onset of action of the drug. The medication bypasses the liver first pass effect. No risk of degradation of the drug by digestive juices. Suitable for unconscious patients.

What are the 17 routes of drug administration?

Techniques involved in each route of medication administration are different, and some of the important points are summarized as follows:

  • Intravenous Route.
  • Intramuscular Route.
  • Subcutaneous Route.
  • Rectal Route.
  • Vaginal Route.
  • Inhaled Route.

Which is an example of parenterals?

An example of something parenteral is an injection given into the muscle on the leg, or a subcutaneous injection. The definition of a parenteral is medicine or liquid that is injected under the skin. An example of a parenteral is the arthritis medication, Enbrel.

What are different types of parenteral preparation?

Parenteral preparations are sterile pharmaceutical products administered to the human body by injection….

  • Injection.
  • Infusions.
  • Powder for Injection.
  • Concentrated Solutions for Injections.
  • Implants.